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Monday, March 23, 2020

麻州緊急命令 非必要企業歇兩週 聚會限10人以下

麻州州長查理貝克縮緊限制,規定非必要企業改遠程辦公,聚會
限10人以下。(州長辦公室提供)
         (Boston Orange 編譯)麻州州長查理貝克(Charlie Baker)(23)日一早10點發佈緊急命令,324日中午起,直到47日止的為期兩週期間,所有非必要企業都得暫時關閉營業場所,但鼓勵改為遠程辦公,以遏制病毒傳播。
麻州公共衛生聽(DPH)也發佈了47日前待在家(stay-at-home)”的忠告。查理貝克認為不應該限制人們的行動,但極力勸人們,沒必要,別出門。他也修訂了之前發佈的行政命令,把聚會人數限制從25人下調為10人。
麻州的公園仍將開放給人們散步,做運動。地鐵及火車也仍然會營運。
但查理貝克勸所有人都待在家,減少所有非必要活動。他說,我們在要求所有人用常識想想這病毒對病人,老人的影響,然後減少他們和其他人的接觸。這會減少病毒傳播的機會
州政府並未不准人出門,但強烈建議70歲以上,健康不好的人待在家,盡量減少和其他人接觸。
他強調必要企業包括雜貨店,藥店,醫療場所,加油站等,仍然會開門營業。他說,我們會永遠准許這些必要企業維持開門狀態。
查理貝克說,麻州正以預期的決心,冷靜頭腦,以及無私的社區感,來面對這挑戰
公園這些地方,仍然會開放給民眾做運動,但人們不應該在那兒做踢足球之類,會有個人接觸的活動,因為那會散佈病毒。他說:”我們勸人們每一步行動都用常識想想
查理貝克表示,非必要企業關門主要會在地方層次實施。
麻州已加入越來越多州的行列,要非必要企業關門,或是要居民待在家。加州,紐約州,伊利諾州,俄亥俄州,路易斯安那州,康州,新澤西州及德拉瓦州都已經這麼做了。
             週日(22)時,南特基(Nantucket)在該鎮出現一宗確診案例後,成為麻州第一個命令居民待在家裏的社區。
             包括麻州醫學會(Massachusetts Medical Society)候任會長David Rosman博士在內的,今日早上都在推特上以井字號的#shutdownma,呼籲查理貝克採取更極端的封城做法,以防止更多人得病。
             根據週政府發佈的新緊急命令,在新型冠狀病毒(COVID-19)期間的必要服務包括:
  • 醫療服務及公共健康服務(Health Care & Public Health)
  • 執法單位,公安及急救人員(Law Enforcement, Public Safety & First Responders)
  • 食物及農業(Food & Agriculture)
  • 重要的生產製造(Critical Manufacturing)
  • 交通(Transportation )
  • 能源(Energy)
  • 水及廢水(Water & Wastewater)
  • 公共工程(Public Works)
  • 通訊及資訊科技(Communications and Information Technology)
  • 金融服務(Financial Services)
  • 國防工業基地(Defense Industry Base)
  • 化學製造及危險品(Chemical Manufacturing & Hazardous Materials)
  • 其他基於基本功能及政府運作的指定社區(Other Designated Community Based Essential Function & Government Operations)
  • 新聞媒體(News Media)
Governor Charlie Baker Orders All Non-Essential Businesses To Cease In Person Operation, Directs the Department of Public Health to Issue Stay at Home Advisory For Two Weeks
Updates Assembly Order to Limit Gatherings to 10 people

麻州付州長查理貝克(右前),副州長白莉朵(左)聯袂出席記者會。
(州長辦公室提供)
BOSTON – Today, Governor Charlie Baker issued an emergency order requiring all businesses and organizations that do not provide “COVID-19 Essential Services” to close their physical workplaces and facilities to workers, customers and the public as of Tuesday, March 24th at noon until Tuesday, April 7th at noon. These businesses are encouraged to continue operations remotely.

The Baker-Polito Administration issued a list of designated businesses and other organizations that provide essential services and workforces related to COVID-19 that shall continue to operate brick and mortar facilities during this two-week time period. This list is based on federal guidance and amended to reflect the needs of Massachusetts’ unique economy. While these businesses are designated as essential, they are urged to follow social distancing protocols for workers in accordance with guidance from the Department of Public Health.

Businesses and organizations not on the list of essential services are encouraged to continue operations through remote means that do not require workers, customers, or the public to enter or appear at the brick-and-mortar premises closed by the order.

Restaurants, bars, and other establishments that sell food and beverage products to the public are encouraged to continue to offer food for take-out and by delivery if they follow the social distancing protocols set forth in Department of Public Health guidance. On-premises consumption of food or drink is prohibited.

Due to evolving spread of COVID-19 in Massachusetts, Governor Baker has directed the Department of Public Health to issue a stay at home advisory outlining self-isolation and social distancing protocols. Residents are advised to stay home and avoid unnecessary travel and other unnecessary activities during this two-week time period.  Residents over 70 years of age or with underlying health conditions, who are considered at high risk when exposed to COVID-19, should limit social interactions with other people as much as possible.

The Baker-Polito Administration does not believe Massachusetts residents can be confined to their homes and does not support home confinement for public health reasons.

The Baker-Polito Administration Order also limits gatherings to 10 people during the state of emergency, a reduction from the 25 person limit established in an earlier order. 

This includes community, civic, public, leisure, faith-based events, and any similar event or activity that brings together more than 10 persons in any confined indoor or outdoor space. The order does not prohibit gatherings of more than 10 people in an outdoor space, like a park or athletic field.

Click here for the full list of categories of “COVID-19 Essential Services”
  
Click here for a copy of the Emergency Order

Click here for a copy of the Guidance of Assemblages

Categories of COVID-19 Essential Services:

  • Health Care & Public Health
  • Law Enforcement, Public Safety & First Responders
  • Food & Agriculture
  • Critical Manufacturing
  • Transportation
  • Energy
  • Water & Wastewater
  • Public Works
  • Communications and Information Technology
  • Financial Services
  • Defense Industry Base
  • Chemical Manufacturing & Hazardous Materials
  • Other Designated Community Based Essential Function & Government Operations
  • News Media

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