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Tuesday, October 16, 2018

哈佛大學招生涉嫌歧視亞裔訟案 開庭首日辯平權運動


(Boston Orange整理報導)”學生爭取公平招生(Students for Fair Admissions)”控告哈佛大學歧視亞裔的訟案,1015(週一)開庭,估計將進行三週。
學生爭取公平招生在遞交給法院的文件中稱,亞裔必須在標準化的測驗中比其他少數族裔,白人同儕表現得更好,才能上哈佛大學。這種片面標準是哈佛大學帶有族裔意識的招生過程,懲處了亞裔的證據。
不過在哈佛大學已任職很久的招生主任William Fitzsimmons反駁這種說法。
在這場萬眾矚目的審訊中,William Fitzsimmons是第一個上證人席的哈佛人員。他說測驗分數的差異反映了哈佛大學的承諾,要從更廣範圍招生,讓哈佛大學擴大接觸到黑人,西語裔,以其那些來自代表性不足領域學生。這樣的招生努力,確保了哈佛校園更多元化。
William Fitzsimmons 說,那純粹是嘗試接觸到所有不同背景的人,特別是那些因為經濟條件差受到不成比例影響的人我們只是試著接觸的全國各地的人
這場估計將進行三週的審訊,由於是全美最老,最菁英的大學要為自己高度選擇性,並且通常很祕密的招生過程辯護,已引來全球關注。
這場法律訟戰,估計最後會打到美國最高法院,並有可能改變全美有些學校在招生時以族裔為挑選因素的做法。
週一在法庭內,關於誰得到申請邀約,彰顯了學生爭取公平招生和哈佛大學在大學招生過程中,族裔所扮演角色上的基本歧異。
            根據學生爭取公平招生,在2013年時,住在美國郊區,SAT分數只有1310的白人學生,更有可能得申請哈佛大學的邀約,然而一名亞裔女性卻需要1350分,一名亞裔男性需要1380分。全美的黑人及西語裔學生,只要至少有基本分的1100,哈佛救濟邀請信。根據法庭文件,那時候,可能的最高分數是1600分。
這邀請是菁英大學擴大學校申請人群常用的早期招生工具。這邀請並不保證錄取,但的確向候選人指出了學校希望他們申請。
哈佛大學在週一的開場聲明中辯稱,為確保其教育目標的要讓學生為越來越多元化,全球化的社會做準備,在招生過程中使用族裔因素是合法及重要的。哈佛否認歧視亞裔申請人。
            哈佛大學理事會理事暨Wilmer Hale律師樓合夥人李威鳳(William Lee)在開場發言中表示,"族裔從來不是學生被錄取的唯一原因,也當然從來不是學生被拒絕的原因
李威鳳是華人移民之子,指控學生爭取公平招生操縱統計數據來證明他們申訴的案子。
他說,如果你操弄數據的時間夠長,它就能適用於任何事
這訟案是近年關於爭辯大學招生中平權運動的最新案例。最高法院已縮窄了在招生中使用族裔的範圍,但的確准許學校在評估學生時,以之做為許多考慮因素之一。
早前的法律挑戰聚焦於有族裔意識的招生是否傷害了白人申請者。學生爭取公平招生的首領Edward Blum,早前在德州大學一宗推翻平權運動中,為白人學生出頭。
在這宗案裏,學生爭取公平招生宣稱,六年前的哈佛招生數據顯示,亞裔申請人處於劣勢。哈佛評估學生時,在學業,課外活動之餘,還考慮諸如勇氣,仁慈等個人品質。而亞裔學生在個人優點上傾向於得分低,傷害了他們上哈佛的機會,說明有偏見。
學生爭取公平招生做開場辯解的Adam Mortara表示,哈佛大學從前門引進了種族歧視這頭狼
曾任最高法院大法官克拉倫斯湯姆斯(Clarence Thomas)書記的Adam Mortara ,用試算表和文件辯稱,亞裔申請人在幾項因素上比白人評等高,但在個人品質上就比較低。這結果導致校園裏每有兩名白人學生,才有一名亞裔學生。
在坐滿了哈佛領導,媒體,激進份子的法院聆訊室內,Adam Mortara說, 這審訊是關於哈佛大學對亞裔申請者做了什麼,造成什麼影響未來幾週在這兒審訊的不是平權招生的未來
NAACP法律辯護及教育基金董事長Sherrilyn Ifill表示,但最終,這案子會廢除行之多年的平權運動。
            這宗法律訴訟案件是關於每年從42,000個申請人中,只錄取1,600名新鮮人的哈佛大學。
            但是全美許多最菁英的大學在評估潛在的新鮮人學生時,也採用類似哈佛大學的方法。
            如果這宗案上到了最高法院,可能會給平權行動反對者一個機會,在高等教育界更廣泛的限制以族裔意識招生。
學生爭取公平招生要哈佛大學採取不分族裔的招生做法。哈佛大學的專家認為,那樣做對白人學生最有利,並略為改善亞裔的錄取率,但會大幅度減少黑人及拉丁裔學生在校園內的比例。
Sherrilyn Ifill說,那完全和平權運動有關。我們不能忘記,我們在這兒,是因為Edward Blum的白人學生案沒贏。

Baker-Polito Administration Announces Expansion of Domestic Violence Assessment Tool for Local Law Enforcement

Baker-Polito Administration Announces Expansion of Domestic Violence Assessment Tool for Local Law Enforcement

RANDOLPH - Today, Governor Charlie Baker and Lt. Governor Karyn Polito joined Secretary of Health and Human Services Marylou Sudders, Undersecretary for Law Enforcement Jennifer Queally, Norfolk County District Attorney Michael Morrissey, Bristol County District Attorney Thomas Quinn, Woburn Police Chief Robert Ferullo, Yarmouth Police Chief Frank Frederickson, Municipal Police Training Committee Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault Coordinator Maura Landry and Jane Doe, Inc. Executive Director Debra Robbin to discuss the success of the Domestic Violence toolkit and building upon that success, announced the expansion of the toolkit into Barnstable, Hampden, Berkshire, Norfolk, Worcester and Bristol Counties, while declaring October as Domestic Violence Awareness Month.

“Our administration is pleased to partner at the local level to expand this tool kit to law enforcement officials in counties across the Commonwealth to continue fighting to eradicate acts of sexual assault and domestic violence in Massachusetts and bring awareness during October as Domestic Violence Awareness Month,” said Governor Charlie Baker. “I am grateful to Lt. Governor Karyn Polito for her tireless efforts and leadership, helping survivors and officials responding to these senseless assaults.”

“We are grateful for our partners in law enforcement at the local level as well as non-profits and members of the Governor’s Council to Address Sexual Assault and Domestic Violence who have worked hard to pursue ways to help survivors of domestic violence and sexual assault break out of a cycle of violence and the expansion of this proven toolkit is imperative to the success of responding to such crimes,” said Lt. Governor Karyn Polito, chair of the Governor’s Council to Address Sexual Assault and Domestic Violence. “The Council will continue to develop solutions and resources to assist and support survivors and to end acts of sexual assault and domestic violence in Massachusetts.”

In March 2017, Lt. Governor Polito announced the launch of the Domestic Violence toolkit pilot initiative in partnership with the Municipal Police Training Committee (MTPC) to provide local law enforcement with tools to support survivors of domestic violence and sexual assault. These tools assist in gathering history and identifying risk and re-assault factors.

The first communities to utilize the toolkit include Woburn, Foxboro, Greenfield and Quincy. With this rollout Barnstable, Hampden, Berkshire, Norfolk, Worcester and Bristol Counties as well as the Northwestern District Attorney’s Office will access and deploy the toolkit to better respond to acts of domestic violence and sexual assault, and to support survivors in their communities.

“We come together during October to formally acknowledge domestic violence month but our efforts continue each and every day to end domestic violence in Massachusetts,” said Secretary Marylou Sudders. “Our collaboration between police, DA’s Office, and community-based organizations is vital in reducing domestic violence and  providing appropriate services for its survivors in the Commonwealth.”

“National estimates indicate that one in two women and one in five men experience sexual violence victimization at some point in their lives,” said Undersecretary for Law Enforcement Jennifer Queally. “Through her work as Chair of the Council, Lt. Governor Polito has worked to ensure that local law enforcement and victim service agencies have the resources they need to hold offenders accountable and assist victims across Massachusetts.”

In 2016, the Governor’s Council to Address Sexual Assault and Domestic Violence announced priorities with the launch of work groups in five priority areas identified by the Council and the administration. The Response and Assessment work group of the Council created Domestic Violence Assessment and Strangulation worksheets.

The Domestic Violence Assessment and Strangulation worksheets were developed to assist municipalities, by providing tools, training and guidance in gathering the appropriate information in domestic violence cases.

The worksheets inform basic safety planning and services, bail decisions, conditions of probation, and sentencing of an offender. These tools also help Intimate Partner Abuse Education programs, assist in custody, visitation, 209A and any other civil matters where safety of adults and children should be considered. The worksheets give guidance on important information for law enforcement to gather when they are responding to survivors of domestic violence and provide them with protocols on disseminating information to those survivors on where they can get support, as well as document important information that may influence the ability to hold offenders accountable and increase safety for survivors and children.

“The use of these new worksheets has provided valuable information that helps hold offenders accountable and victim safety in Bristol County,” said Bristol County District Attorney Thomas Quinn.

“It is important during Domestic Violence Awareness Month to remember and recognize victims, but also to continually move forward in providing better protection and better services,” said Norfolk County District Attorney Michael W. Morrissey said. “I am pleased to have this distinguished group here in Norfolk County today fulfilling both purposes – remembrance and constructive change.”​

"The implementation of the domestic violence tool kit has assisted the Woburn Police Department in more effectively identifying and providing services to victims and survivors of domestic violence," said Woburn Police Chief Robert Ferullo.

“The development of the DV toolkit is an example of the continuous efforts by many to improve the response to DV cases. It will improve the triangle of communication that is needed between Police, Prosecutors and Victim Services,” said Yarmouth Police Chief Frank Frederickson. “Starting at first contact, consistent information can be gathered that will improve the ability to help victims, improve prosecutions, provide victim services and break the cycle of violence. We will continue to evaluate and do what is necessary to confront domestic violence.”

In April 2015, Governor Baker signed Executive Order 563, re-launching the Governor’s Council to Address Sexual Assault and Domestic Violence. Over its first year, the Council’s priorities included analyzing and reporting on the implementation of Chapter 260: An Act Relative to Domestic Violence and a report was issued providing updates on each of the 49 actionable provisions within the law. The Council has launched work groups in five priority areas, including child trafficking and prevention education in schools and universities.

Monday, October 15, 2018

全美亞裔總商會下一代青年會波士頓開第三屆年會(圖片)

全美亞裔總商會下一代青年會第三屆年會合影。(周菊子攝)

全美亞裔總商會會長暨執行長董繼玲(右)和該會下一代青年會創辦人蘇宇寅(左)。(周菊子攝)

全美亞裔總商會下一代青年會創辦人蘇宇寅致詞(右四)。(周菊子攝)


徐上祺(Anna Tsui)訪談Venture America創辦人楊安澤(Andrew Yang)。
(周菊子攝)
IW集團副總裁黃文鋒(Terry Wong)提綱契領得教人打造品牌。(周菊子攝)
加州Seven Leaves Cafe分享他從船民變身創業者的經歷。(周菊子攝)
 
波士頓演員曹育倫(右一)儘管演員路上已有不錯進展,仍向黃文鋒
請教個人品牌打造。(周菊子攝)

來自台灣的留學生紅玲欣,如今已在波士頓創辦了自己的網路婚紗店
Leravega。(周菊子攝)

左起,冼卓豪,曹育倫,蘇宇寅,趙啟鑫。(周菊子攝)

開馬卡龍餅乾公司的Rita Ng和做電子商務的朋友。(周菊子攝)
全美亞裔總商會下一代青年分會董事們。(周菊子攝)

全美亞裔總商會會長董繼玲(中)和董事,Lithia Motors榮譽主席林秀槐
(左三),以及下一代青年分會創辦人蘇宇寅(左起)冼卓豪等人。
(周菊子攝)






亞裔婦女健康會年度籌款時裝秀(圖片)

亞裔婦女健康會創辦人黃千姬(左)和司儀Audrey Park。(AWH提供)



左起,謝如鍵,胡美惠,歐陽露,歐怡君。(周菊子攝)






哈佛格林健保攜手三機構 教你如何為65歲以後做準備(圖片)

 (Boston Orange)紐英崙昭倫公所、客家鄉親會和新英格蘭大波士頓臺灣商會10月13日在波士頓僑教中心共同舉辦健康講座,以"慶祝65歲"為主題,解析退休後的醫療保險規劃。50多名出席者稱讚哈佛格林健保提供資訊詳實。
左起,新英格蘭台商會副會長李苡惠,紐英倫客家鄉親會會長宋玉琴,
波士頓僑教中心主任歐宏偉,哈佛格林健保社區關係主任譚雯颯,
紐英崙昭倫公所主席謝如鍵,塔芙茨大學泌尿科助理教授莊立岩。
(周菊子攝)
            當天的講者為哈佛格林健保(Harvard Pilgrim Health Care) 的譚雯颯(Rose Hom) 和 Cailin Smith,塔芙茨醫療中心泌尿科助理教授莊立岩(Liyan Zhuang)。它們分別講談了65歲以後的醫療保險,以及"關於前列腺癌的那些事兒"。

為父母,為自己,關心65歲以後健保講座吸引許多人出席。
紐英崙客家鄉親會義工。左起,鄭玉春,鄭雪卿,曾正泉。(周菊子攝)


醫療保險有時得買好幾份,才能有周全保障。(周菊子攝自現場幻燈片)




哈佛格林健保社區關係主任譚雯颯以"Five Wishes",提醒人
及早規劃身後事。(周菊子攝)

IAICS-2019 Convention call for papers



Sunday, October 14, 2018

一品香加入僑胞卡特約商店行列


摩頓市的臺灣美食餐廳「一品香」老闆李寶駿()和李秀英()
夫婦在餐廳大門前與波士頓僑教中心主任歐宏偉()合影。
【一品香加入僑胞卡特約商店 1020日起提供消費優惠】
位於波士頓北郊摩頓市的臺灣美食餐廳「一品香」,響應中華民國僑務委員會發行的「僑胞卡」,正式加入海外特約商店的行列,將從今年1020日起提供持卡人5%10%的消費優惠,希望能讓更多僑胞鄉親感受到政府的用心與美意。
該餐廳老闆李寶駿和李秀英夫婦表示,「一品香」成立以來,都是秉持臺式精緻美食的優良傳統,自2014年起迄今連續獲得僑務委員會頒發的「臺灣美食標章」,除了臺灣鄉親經常前來品嚐道地臺灣風味的餐點外,也吸引不少主流社會各界人士前來用餐;他們在獲知僑委會於海外發行「僑胞卡」,且在波士頓僑教中心主任歐宏偉的鼓勵下,「一品香」成為繼「龍鳳大酒樓」、「珠媽廚房」後的第三家「僑胞卡」特約商店,並訂於今年1020日當天起提供現金付款九折(10 off)或信用卡消費九五折(5 off)的優惠服務。
歐宏偉主任很高興「一品香」能加入僑胞卡海外特約商店的行列,希望未來有更多僑臺商業者共襄盛;他也提醒大家返臺探親或觀光旅遊時,記得攜帶僑胞卡並多加利用,並歡迎波士頓地區僑胞鄉親前來僑教中心申領「僑胞卡」。(圖與文:波士頓僑教中心提供)

波士頓雙十盃壘球賽 3隊參賽

波士頓竹蜻蜓俱樂部舉辦「國慶盃壘球賽」,臺灣黑熊隊、
台客隊和東北大學臺灣學生隊等3支球隊參賽,賽前全體
與僑教中心主任歐宏偉合影

(Boston Orange)「慶祝中華民國107年雙十國慶盃壘球賽」107日在莫克雷公園(Joe Moakley Park)舉行,臺灣黑熊隊、台客隊和東北大學臺灣學生隊共3隊參加,以球會友。
今年的雙十盃壘球賽仍由竹蜻蜓俱樂部主辦。波士頓僑教中心主任歐宏偉為比賽開球,並代表主辦單位頒發「特殊貢獻獎」給雙十盃壘球賽創始元老之一的蔡高進,表揚他的長期付出與貢獻。
波士頓僑教中心主任歐宏偉(前排中)出席「國慶盃壘球賽」
擔任開球嘉賓,並受邀頒發竹蜻蜓俱樂部球賽聯盟年度例賽的
冠軍獎盃給「東北大學臺灣學生隊」。
竹蜻蜓俱樂部創辦人王志維還請歐宏偉把聯盟年度例賽冠軍獎盃頒給「東北大學臺灣學生隊」。
歐宏偉特地感謝竹蜻蜓俱樂部近年來的每年主辦「臺灣盃」和「國慶盃」壘球賽,促進了僑社青年與臺灣留學生的聯繫互動,也慶祝了總統副總統就職周年和國家生日。他在活動中還轉達僑務委員會吳委員長和駐波士頓臺北經文處徐處長對球員們的問候與祝福。(內容及圖片,波士頓僑教中心提供)