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Monday, August 16, 2021

波士頓代市長提家規法 300萬元以上物業出售加徵稅2%

                     (Boston Orange編譯)波士頓代市長Kim Janey816日向波士頓市議會遞出家規法申請,在定價300萬元以上房地產出售時,加徵稅最高2%,以期創造6530萬元,在波士頓市內擴建可負擔住宅。

                此法必須先由波士頓市議會,麻州議會通過,再交由麻州州長簽署成為正式法案,一旦通過將可增加波士頓市可負擔住宅經費,包括保留現有或建造新的有收入限制房屋。

                 2019年時,波士頓市議會曾通過類似的家規法,但在州議會被擋了下來。2019年的版本,是要向售價200萬元以上房地產加徵最高2%的稅。

                  2019年時,波士頓市議會曾通過類似的家規法,但在州議會被擋了下來。2019年的版本,是要向售價200萬元以上房地產加徵最高2%的稅。

                   2020年售價超過300萬元的物業交易有219宗為基礎來計算,加徵稅2%,可為波士頓市府增加大約6530萬元收入,以用於建造可負擔住宅。該年這類交易量最多的地區,依序為有90宗的後灣/畢肯丘區,27宗的中心/城中區,24宗的南端(South End),以及24宗的波士頓/海港區。

                 Kim Janey政府今年已投資1150萬元進收入有限制的可負擔住宅,這些投資帶來的其他公私領域投資約8240萬元,總共9400萬元。

                   波士頓市政府最近通過的2022會計年度預算也包括,新增600萬元給可負擔住宅項目,這是增加了21%。波士頓市府另外撥出2700萬元的美國援救計畫經費用於住宅計畫,包括2000萬元將用於收購市價物業,並將之轉換成為可負擔住宅,230萬元用於原著購屋者及屋主。波士頓市府另將動用聯邦政府新冠病毒紓困經費14500萬元,支援受新冠病毒打擊的租屋者,無家可歸家庭。

               波士頓市府在今年稍早,修訂了連鎖金項目,把波士頓市內大於10萬平方尺大型商業土地發展需繳納的連鎖金,提高至44%。單只在2020年內,波士頓計畫發展局(BPDA)批准的新土地發展,估計就可創造4320萬元的連鎖金來支持可負擔住宅。將來的土地發展數量若類似,將可為波士頓市府創造6320萬元的收入。


MAYOR JANEY FILES HOME RULE PETITION FOR PAYMENTS OF TWO PERCENT ON REAL ESTATE TRANSACTIONS OVER $3 MILLION TO SUPPORT AFFORDABLE HOUSING

 

BOSTON - Monday, August 16, 2021 - Mayor Janey today filed a Home Rule Petition with the Boston City Council to generate an estimated $65.3 million to expand affordable housing in the city. The petition creates a fee of up to two percent on real estate sales over $3 million. If passed, the measure will increase funding available for affordable housing in Boston, including preserving existing and creating new income-restricted housing. After passage by the Boston City Council, the legislation must then be approved by the Massachusetts State Legislature and signed by the Governor.

 “As a person who has experienced housing insecurity, creating more homes that Boston residents can afford is my priority,” said Mayor Janey. “It’s important that the City of Boston is creative in generating funding for income-restricted housing. I look forward to working with the Boston City Council and the Massachusetts Legislature to pass this critical legislation that will allow more housing opportunities to keep and attract residents.”

 This legislation builds on a 2019 Home Rule Petition that passed the Boston City Council, but has not advanced in the Massachusetts State Legislature. The 2019 version proposed a fee of up to two percent on real estate sales over $2 million. The fee will instead be applied to the sales value above $3 million. This change limits the fees borne by long-term, middle-class homeowners. 

 Based on 2020 sales over $3 million, a two percent transfer fee would yield an estimated $65.3 million for affordable housing production and programming from 219 transactions. The largest number of transactions were in Back Bay/Beacon Hill (90) neighborhoods, the Central/Downtown neighborhoods (27), the South End (24), and South Boston/Seaport (24) area. 

 This Home Rule Petition builds on the City’s efforts to generate affordable housing for residents. This year, the Janey administration has invested $11.5 million in city resources into income-restricted, affordable housing which leveraged another $82.4 million in other public and private investment sources for a total $94 million investment. 

 The recently adopted FY22 budget included $6 million in new City funding for affordable housing programs - a 21 percent increase - including funding for City-funded vouchers and housing support for homeless households. In addition, the City has allocated $27 million of American Rescue Plan Act funds for housing initiatives, including $20 million to acquire and convert market-rate properties to income-restricted affordable housing and $2.3 million for assistance to homebuyers and homeowners. This is in addition to $145 million in federal COVID-19 relief funding the City has received and is using to support renters and homeless households impacted by the pandemic and to build more housing for low and moderate income residents.

 Earlier this year, the City of Boston modified the Linkage program, requiring a 44 percent increase in the Linkage fees collected by large scale commercial developments over 100,000 square feet in Boston to support the creation of affordable housing. In 2020 alone, new development approved by BPDA is estimated to generate over $43.2 million in Linkage fees to support affordable housing. In the future, a similar level of approvals would generate $63.2 million. The funds collected through Linkage are administered by the Neighborhood Housing Trust through the Department of Neighborhood Development (DND)

 Since 2014, funding from the city's operating and capital funding for housing programs has increased by more than 300%, while adjustments to the Inclusionary Development and Linkage Policies, and the adoption of the Community Preservation Act have resulted in tens of millions of dollars of additional revenue for housing. This funding has supported the creation of affordable rental and homeownership opportunities, the development of permanent supportive housing for homeless households, and assistance for renters facing eviction. It has also supported the conversion of hundreds of market-rate units into income-restricted affordable housing and the creation of the first City-funded rental voucher program for low-income Bostonians. 

 Also earlier this year, Mayor Janey announced the Boston Home Center's first-time Homebuyer Program has been expanded to provide up to $40,000 in assistance to income-eligible, first-time homebuyers who seek to purchase a home in Boston.

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