網頁

Andrew Yang參選2020美國總統 - winner takes all


My friend Anand Giridharadas recently wrote a book, Winners Take All, about how the world of philanthropy has adopted a Win-Win mentality where praise is given to those who talk about how to make others stronger and more successful, but it is unacceptable to talk about taking less or changing the underlying system. Instead, the emphasis is on how to make people more successful in the marketplace. The mantra is “Doing Well by Doing Good,” positive thinking, getting along with each other, helpful TED Talks, and, ultimately, very little actual change.
I’ve been thinking a lot about Anand’s book and its core idea—how market-friendly ideas have grown to dominate our culture so much that genuine sacrifice is off the table. Instead, the height of virtue is for winners to generously distribute some of their winnings to make others a bit more like themselves.
Last week I wrote about Walter Reuther, the union leader in the 1960s who was beaten; survived being shot in his own home and having his right arm shattered; grew the UAW to 1.5 million people; bailed Martin Luther King, Jr. out of jail; helped lead the March on Washington; and died in a suspicious plane crash. His brother had his right eye shot out, also in his own home.
In Walter’s day, actual change actually happened. Higher wages, workplace safety rules, child labor laws, health care, and pension benefits as well as all of the rights fought for in the Civil Rights movement. All of it involved grievous conflict and sacrifice.
Today, unions are a shadow of their former selves.  Walter Reuther is dead. Civil Rights revolve around police brutality instead of deeper economic inequities. Women march for the most basic reproductive rights.  Teenagers march just to prevent shootings in their schools. And social media shares have taken the place of sacrifice. Market-based thinking is so complete that conflicts revolve around basic human rights rather than any fundamental systemic changes.  
I founded an entrepreneurship organization and ran it for 6+ years in the hopes that it would spur change and help create thousands of jobs throughout the country. It was the best work of my career. But I came to realize that the good we were doing would not be nearly enough, particularly in the face of new technologies that will wipe out millions of jobs. I worked in Detroit, Cleveland, St. Louis, Baltimore, Cincinnati, Pittsburgh, Birmingham, and other cities that had gone through the first automation wave. I started out believing in the Win-Win, but I now believe that advanced technology will result in a super-charged version of capitalism that will increasingly brutalize us all, winners and losers alike.
Some believe that there’s a small group of corrupt oligarchs that have taken over our political and economic system. But others believe that it is even deeper—that corporate leaders themselves have their hands tied so that they cannot do much more than maximize returns on capital. They are not really in control—the system is. Tim O’Reilly calls it the Master Market Intelligence: the corporate bosses are themselves subject to the logic of the marketplace. Yuval Harari writes that the power has disappeared—government gets weaker and weaker and no one knows who has the power.
I was at an event sponsored by The New York Times earlier this year, and a journalist said it like this: “We can sense that we’re going in the wrong direction. But no one knows what to do about it. So we are all just looking at each other, hanging on, and waiting to see how it will end.”  We are on a path to ruin and no one knows what to do.
I believe we can help with that.
I’ve been running for President for a number of months now. It’s been a tremendous journey. I’ve made many new friends—this campaign tends to attract the best people. When someone supports me, it means a lot. Sometimes a person will say to me, “What you’re doing, it’s a real sacrifice.”
But I think to myself, “Is it? Sacrifice has become relative.” Running for president has been quite fun and invigorating. I’m fighting for a vision I believe in. The biggest sacrifices I’m making are time with my family, money and professional opportunities, and the chance to live a more ‘normal,’ stress-free life. Of these, the first one hurts the most.
I have the feeling that in order to change our future, a lot of people are going to have to sacrifice a great deal more.
I’m running for President because I see the big changes that need to be made. You do, too. Our political institutions aren’t designed for this. It’s going to take people like us coming together—fighting and making sacrifices—to change our future. We don’t have that much time.
Let’s show what we can do—and that this sacrifice is not beyond us.
Andrew Yang
I hope that the summer is ending on a high note for you and yours!  
The huge news from this week, which is not receiving appropriate national attention in my opinion, is that democracy has returned to the Democratic Party.  This past weekend, the DNC decided to strip superdelegates – officeholders and party officials – of much of their influence in the presidential nomination process.  They did this because Bernie Sanders supporters were angry that the DNC favored Hillary Clinton in 2016 and that the popular vote was not the sole determinant of who won the nomination.  
I can’t tell you how many times people have said to me, “They will never let you win,” referring to Democratic party insiders who have established loyalties and relationships.  Well, it turns out the insiders have relinquished their decision-making authority to determine the nominee – it truly is going to be about who the people of Iowa, New Hampshire, South Carolina, Nevada, etc. choose to represent them and their concerns.  My time in Iowa and New Hampshire in particular have demonstrated to me that the people there are hungry for real solutions that will genuinely improve their lives.  They are tired of politics as usual and excited for something new.  
History has given us an opening.  Let’s take full advantage of it.  
I’ve spent part of the last several days helping a union get organized.  But probably not in the way that you think.  
I recently got connected to a woman named Leslie Smith.  Leslie is a professional mixed martial arts fighter.  She is one of the best in the world – she was ranked top 10 in her division in the UFC earlier this year.  
Leslie noticed that she and her fellow fighters were not getting paid as much as athletes in other sports – fighters get paid as little as $12k per fight and fight 2 – 3 times per year.   Meanwhile the UFC signed a new deal with ESPN worth $300 million a year and its CEO, Dana White, recently said the company was worth $7 billion.  Fighters are getting paid just 10 – 15% of revenue, much less than the 47-51% prevalent in the NFL, NBA, MLB and NHL.  Leslie decided to start a union and asked fellow fighters to sign up.  
Dana White didn’t like this. So he fired Leslie Smith in April. 
Leslie rightfully said, “I’m a top 10 fighter and I didn’t lose a fight.  This is because I’m trying to start a union.”  So she filed a complaint with the National Labor Relations Board in Philadelphia, which agreed that she had grounds for action.  
Dana White got wind of this and realized that Leslie could be a big problem – his company relies on keeping fighter pay low.  So he went to his friend of fifteen years, Donald Trump, and met with him in the Oval Office.  Around the same time, the NLRB action was pulled into Washington DC away from the Philadelphia region that had approved Leslie’s action.  They now are stonewalling and won’t respond to Leslie’s lawyer.  
Yes, Donald Trump has decided to keep UFC fighters from having a chance to organize and keep Leslie out of work.  
It gets even more interesting – the UFC was bought by William Morris Endeavor, the giant Hollywood talent agency, 2 years ago for $4 billion.  This mammoth pricetag assumed that the new owners would be able to keep fighter costs low.  WME, eager to get some cash into the business, sold shares to 23 of its celebrity clients, including Serena Williams, Jimmy Kimmel, Mark Wahlberg, Ben Affleck, Adam Levine, Cam Newton, Tom Brady, Robert Kraft, Venus Williams, The Weeknd, Anthony Kiedis, Tyler Perry, Trey Parker and more.  
How would Serena Williams or Jimmy Kimmel react to the knowledge that their investment depends upon Donald Trump helping keep Leslie Smith out of work?  Their agents likely didn’t explain to them that the UFC’s valuation relies on paying fighters 80% less than they are worth and keeping them from organizing.  
Some might see this whole issue as marginal in the scheme of things, as it only affects hundreds of people in a niche sport.    
But to me, it’s an emblem of what’s gone wrong with our society.  You have the capital holders – Dana White, William Morris Endeavor – operating to enrich themselves at the expense of human beings who are doing the work. You have Donald Trump’s corrupt intervention in a case that clearly should be moving forward.  You have Leslie Smith, a woman who tried to do the right thing for her fellow fighters, being punished for her actions and being ignored and pushed into economic oblivion.  And you have a sport that should evolve to take care of its stakeholders and modernize instead of attacking anyone who tries to push it in the right direction.    
I’m going to do all I can to help Leslie.  I’ve donated to her legal defense fund for starters (you can donate here) and plan to do much more.  
My plan is to get Leslie her job back.  We’re going to help her show Donald Trump that he messed with the wrong woman.  
Happy Labor Day weekend to you all.  I’m heading to DC on Saturday for a conference and then to Iowa for a Labor Day rally.  Hope you have a wonderful time with your friends and families on the last days of Summer.  Going to be a big Fall – enjoy these days while you can.  
Your grateful candidate,
Andrew


 楊安澤
Hello and thank you for the support! We appreciate it more than you realize.  
This past week was a big one for the campaign on several fronts. 
First, I was interviewed by Ezra Klein this week on his podcast on Vox. Ezra is one of the top political and economic journalists in the country. We debated the labor market, automation, the impact of technology, universal basic income, and the economy. If you missed it, you can hear it here.
Second, more news from Iowa poured in from the Des Moines RegisterNBC NewsCedar Rapids GazetteDaily Times HeraldBleeding HeartlandIowa Starting Line, and Insight on Business. Here’s a quote from the blog OpEd News: 
“Based on what I heard at the Wing Ding last night, my candidate is Andrew Yang. He has the intelligence and the kind of ‘outside the box’ thinking we need to solve today’s problems AND tomorrow’s!! In my opinion, he appears to possess the type of genius and non-traditional ideas and insights we, as a nation, NEED to move forward.”
High praise! You can see the full video of my speech here.
Youtube_Thumbnails.png
I will be returning to Iowa over Labor Day weekend to headline a Labor Union rally and meet with precinct leaders. We are going to keep the excitement going where it can do the most good. 
Third, both a documentary filmmaker and a writer for Esquire are now following the campaign. Recognition is growing that our campaign is building a movement.
Finally, one of the most respected and admired leaders in Silicon Valley has come on board to support my presidential bid! This could be a game-changer. We are preparing a more formal announcement so stay tuned for more in the days ahead. I know, I know... we’ll resolve the suspense soon.  ;)  
The team and I are more optimistic than ever – we see the potential every day. We couldn’t do any of this without you. 
A few things you can do to increase our momentum:
1. Donate today so we can grow the team and spread the word.
2. Share the interview with Ezra and/or the video of the Iowa Wing Ding speech with like-minded friends.
3. Follow the campaign journey on Facebook here.
Let’s lead our fellow Americans and show what we can do if we invest in people.
Gratefully yours,
Andrew
signature-blue.jpg

DONATE $1

DONATE $5

DONATE $10

Can you make a donation today?

Most of our donations come from people like you chipping in small amounts when they can. Your continued generosity helps us invest in people.

If you can, please make a donation today. It means more to us than you know. 
I arrived home from Iowa on Tuesday night and am reflecting on what we learned in an incredible week. The big takeaway – we can win this election.  
Andrew Yang speaking at the Democratic Wing Ding
There are two states that play key roles in determining presidential major-party nominees – Iowa and New Hampshire. No candidate has won without finishing in the top two of at least one of these two states. The majority of candidates will be wiped out after New Hampshire, particularly in a crowded field.    
I arrived in Iowa last Thursday to speak at the Iowa Wing Ding, a gathering of 800 Democratic leaders and activists in the state. I then spoke at the Iowa State Fair, held a number of house parties with supporters, and met with union leaders and community leaders in 4 counties.  
For most people, presidential politics is played out in the media or press. For Iowans, it plays out in their precincts, living rooms and local restaurants. They expect to meet each candidate and engage with him or her. Unlike in other states where people cast anonymous ballots, in Iowa you publicly caucus for your candidate in front of your friends and neighbors and then give speeches as to why you support someone. The investment level is significantly higher. It also means that the process is a higher commitment – only 170,000 Iowans caucused on the Democratic side in 2016.
Here are some of the things I heard from Iowan Democrats at various events:  
“You don’t sound like any other politician. I like that.”
“There’s a lane for you here. You can compete here.”  
“Brilliant and compelling speech.”   
“You actually seem like you’re trying to solve the problems.”
“I missed the Wing Ding but I was told that you were the highlight and that I should watch out for you.”
“You’re my candidate. I’m going to caucus for you.”  
UAW.jpg 
Iowa_Young_People.jpg
Don’t take my word for it. You can get a sense of the coverage of my visit in the Des Moines RegisterBleeding Heartlandthe local NBC affiliate, the Cedar Rapids Gazette or watch the entire speech here (I go on around 1:31:50). I'll post a much higher quality version of my speech on social soon.
Our political system is set up such that one passionate Democratic Iowan is worth his or her weight in gold. We already have a growing mass of passionate supporters in Iowa. I have been invited back to speak at a Labor Day rally as well as to a half-dozen community groups and Democratic county leaders.     
Andrew Yang speaks at a Soapbox - Democracy alive and well!
It is not the case that if we focus exclusively on Iowa that we will win. We need to build a national following. We must galvanize significant resources. We will need to raise millions of dollars from popular enthusiasm.
But if we get the resources, we can absolutely compete in Iowa for the nomination. I’m an entrepreneur and operator – when I get into an environment I get a sense of what the key success measurements are. I saw our path. We can build a passionate support base, win in Iowa and then shock the world.
Iowans are the truth – and I am pumped up. If you are too, please do make a contribution today. We need your support right now so we can start planning our schedule for the Fall. The more support we get from you, the more time we can spend in Iowa and New Hampshire moving them forward on the ground. Let’s focus on what it takes to win.
More excited than ever,
Andrew
signature-blue.jpg

DONATE $1

DONATE $5

DONATE $10

Can you make a donation today?

Most of our donations come from people like you chipping in small amounts when they can. Your continued generosity helps us fight for a sane, just future.

If you can, please make a donation today. It means more to us than you know. 

I’m writing this on the way to our first trip to Iowa. I have been invited to speak at the Wing Ding, a gathering of the top 600 Democratic Activists in Iowa. This is the biggest opportunity of the campaign thus far - if I knock it out of the park, we will be inundated with invitations from local Democratic precincts to visit and speak for months to come. This is the path to the Presidency - Iowa Democrats want to meet you to make up their own minds. Iowa vaulted Obama to victory in 2008. This will enable us to compete and establish a stronghold.
I was asked to speak because the Vice Chair of the Iowa Democratic Party heard me on the Sam Harris podcast.
I have done a lot of things in my career, but this tonight is the first time I have ever felt I had a chance to make history. I am pumped up. The text of the speech follows at the bottom of this email, and it’ll be streamed online - you can watch it here. I want to thank each of you - I wouldn’t have this opportunity without your support. 
In other positive news, I am being interviewed by Ezra Klein of Vox on his podcast next Wednesday. A documentary film crew is following me on the road - the Producer of the Linsanity documentary is now doing a docuseries on me. Also, a writer from Esquire is following me for a story.
Again, you have made this possible.
I'm thrilled to share this journey with you all. Let's do all we can to bring to the mainstream a discussion of the underlying economic issues so we can keep this country together. It needs us.
Let's make Iowa the beginning of the wave. Here's to making history together.
Pumped up and ready to go,
- Andrew

Andrew Yang

Andrew's signature
Thank you for the support! I appreciate it a great deal.
I was in Seattle last week talking to an awesome group of supporters. One person who worked at Amazon commented on how the warehouse workers wear sensors that beep at them any time they fall behind a certain pace. That’s a clear sign of both where our economy is right now and where it is heading. I shared this story later with supporters in San Francisco.  
Andrew Yang is presenting to a large number of supporters,
viewing his presentation on the automation of jobs.
We think of capitalism as being locked in an ideological battle with socialism, but we never really saw that capitalism might be defeated by its own child — technology.” This quote is from Eric Weinstein, a mathematician and investor who was recently interviewed in Vox. He says, “[W]e may need a hybrid model in the future which is paradoxically more capitalistic than our capitalism today and perhaps even more socialistic than our communism of yesteryear.”
I am convinced that he’s right. We do tend to think about capitalism and socialism as two opposing systems and philosophies. This tension gets reflected in our politics to the extreme. The truth is that we need them both, just in different areas and activities.
I am a serial entrepreneur. I started and ran several for-profit companies so I get the value of having to succeed in the market. And while the market does create immense value in many areas, it also ignores or creates the wrong incentives in others.
I argued for an evolution of capitalism in my book to a new human-centered version of capitalism that would have several core tenets:
  1. Humanity is more important than money.
  2. The unit of an economy is each person, not each dollar.
  3. Markets exist to serve our common goals and values.
My friend Misha Chellam and I have begun calling this the ‘New Capitalism.’ We have been reflecting on how New Capitalism would improve on, or fix, Old Capitalism:
Old CapitalismNew Capitalism
People are economic inputs for a system that uses GDP and corporate profitability as its measures of success.People are the centers of the economy, and human well-being indicators (health, education rates, engagement with one’s job) are the measures of success.
Technology and automation will replace human labor.Technology and automation will free us to devote energy to things we value.
Health care is only available for those with resources or a job that provides it.Everyone has access to healthcare as a right of citizenship.
Education is designed to produce effective laborers.Education is designed to produce effective citizens and humans.
Businesses consolidate and capital flows to fewer and fewer people.Money is reinvested in individuals and communities to allow all economies to thrive from the ground up.
Moving toward New Capitalism will be incredibly difficult, as our institutions and systems are geared toward a single-variable view of the economy (GDP). The biggest transformative policy to get us there would be the Freedom Dividend, a basic income of $1,000 per month per American adult. As you all know, this is the center of my campaign for President.
My Team and I have been working on a list of what the Freedom Dividend would do for our country. Studies show the Freedom Dividend would:
  1. Eradicate poverty.
  2. Improve child nutrition, graduation rates, and mental health.
  3. Create 4.5 million new jobs across the country.
  4. Address regional inequalities.
  5. Make labor markets more dynamic and help people move.
  6. Catalyze entrepreneurship, arts, and creativity.
  7. Compensate everyone for unrecognized work, particularly women.
  8. Ease racial inequality.
  9. Improve mental and physical health and relationships.
  10. Alleviate political dysfunction due to scarcity.
The Freedom Dividend would transform the way Americans experience value, work, and their place in society. With assured economic security, millions would more seriously consider the work that they want to do and how society should progress. This is the fundamental policy that we need to evolve our economic system to the next stage.
These are very big ideas. It will take many of us pulling together to make them real. The stakes are very high, and we do not have much time before the edges of our current system crumble away. Look around - we are already seeing it happen around us.
Next week, I will be in Iowa for the Democratic Wing Ding, which is the headline event for Democrats in the state. It’s going to be me, two U.S. representatives, and Michael Avenatti. We are going to video the whole journey so you will see it unfold.
Please do help us make this case to our fellow Americans. With your help, we can shake our political leadership out of their stupor and get our act together.

Andrew Yang
Andrew's signature

DONATE $1

DONATE $5

DONATE $10

Can you make a donation today?

Most of our donations come from people like you chipping in small amounts when they can. Your continued generosity helps us fight for a sane, just future.

If you can, please make a donation today. It means more to us than you know. 

We have fantastic news to share - Andrew Yang has been invited to headline the biggest Democratic fundraiser in Iowa - the 2018 Iowa Wing Ding!
He'll be speaking alongside Michael Avenatti (Stormy Daniels' Lawyer), Congressman John Delaney (Presidential Candidate) and Congressman Tim Ryan (likely to declare soon). This is huge for the campaign, and an exciting sign that the establishment is embracing our message.
This will be our first trip to Iowa, and we'd like to invite all of you to join us at any point while we're there, August 10-13. It's during the Iowa State Fair - so besides being able to witness the biggest moment of our campaign to date - there will be fried Snickers, tractor pulls and butter cows to make this worth your while.
Here's our itinerary so far:
Friday, August 10th
Keynote at the Democratic Wing Ding in Clear Lake, IA.
Doors open at 5pm. Get your tickets here!
We want to have a big turnout for Yang!
Saturday, August 11th
We'll be hanging at the Iowa State Fair all day, essentially eating deep-fried everything. If you'd like to join, shoot us an email and we'll sync up.
Speaking at the Des Moines Register Soap Box at 4pm, come by and hear Andrew!
Sunday, August 12th
Door-Knocking in Sioux City starting at 1pm, Hosted by Woodbury County Democrats
Come join Andrew as he meets with Iowa residents.
Monday, August 13th
Speaking at the Asian & Latino Coalition at 5:30pm, RSVP here!
All of our events are on our Facebook page as well.
For those of you who can't make it - we'll be followed around by a camera crew...live-streaming and updating our Insta-story constantly. Follow along @andrewyangvfa.
Thank you all for supporting our journey so far - Iowa is just the beginning!
Humanity First,
Team Yang 2020

It’s been a tremendous trip as I’ve been speaking at events throughout the region. Tonight is a houseparty in Palo Alto. Next Thursday I will be in Seattleand am pumped to see everyone there.  
Last week I spoke at a Blockchain for Good conference and learned a lot. It’s impressive how eager the attendees were to improve the world—blockchain has a ton of potential. Imagine being able to vote from the security of your smartphone with no lines—it is quickly becoming technologically feasible. No more Russian hacking. I’m glad to say that we’ve now received several donations in Bitcoin (thanks Julian) and we’re working on other ways to engage the blockchain community.
Many of the people I’ve met here in the Bay Area have an enormous mindset of abundance and possibility. It’s that sense that we need to spread to other communities around the country as powerfully as possible. That is much easier said than done, but I believe it’s both vital and necessary. Scarcity is the lived experience of too many Americans each and every day and it is driving huge problems. We can change that.  
This past weekend TED published an adapted excerpt from my book about how to improve our capitalist system that has been viewed and shared tens of thousands of times. I am including it here because I believe it’s a cornerstone of our campaign and speaks to our potential.  
Thank you for your support early on—we have other great things on the horizon including a trip to Iowa and none of it would be possible without you. Look forward to making this case alongside you in the days ahead. Let’s show what we can do.  
Yours, 
 
Humanity is more important than money — it’s time for capitalism to get an upgrade
Think of the activities on the list below:
  • Parenting or caring for loved ones
  • Teaching or nurturing children
  • Creating art, music, dance
  • Working in struggling regions near our hometowns
  • Preserving the environment
  • Reading or writing for pleasure or personal growth
  • Preventative health care
  • Character-building for your kids, your team, yourself
  • Building community connections
  • Having a hobby
  • Becoming involved in local government
Most of us do some or many of these things—and usually, we don’t do them for money. What these activities add up to is what we might call a normal life, a well-rounded life of care and character, rich with community and creativity and balance. When you do these things, you don’t think of yourself as participating in capitalism.
But the fact is, capitalism moves and energizes the modern world. And what capitalism values, our world does more of; what it doesn’t, we do less of. Many of us feel like the activities of a normal life are becoming harder and harder to accomplish. So the question becomes: In a system where capitalism is a prime determinant of value, how can we preserve what we truly value as humans, what matters to us beyond money?
I’m someone who was educated to thrive and dominate in our capitalist system. And my deep conviction now is: it has to change. I’m an Ivy League graduate who followed the 59 percent of my peers into one of the four jobs we all take—lawyer, business consultant, finance, technology—in one of the four US cities we all move to, and in the process abandoning our hometowns and the dreams that first inspired our academic success. I watched the country’s best-educated young people fall into jobs that were designed to harvest and concentrate wealth, working insane hours to pay off insane loans. And my hometown friends who didn’t end up on the Ivy League track are facing a bleaker future, as automation destroys more and more jobs in towns across America, disrupting communities and families. No matter where we stand on the socioeconomic ladder, the future of the “normal life” doesn’t look good.
In the US, and in much of the developed world, our current form of capitalism is failing to produce an increasing standard of living for most of its citizens. It’s time for an upgrade. Adam Smith, the Scottish economist who wrote The Wealth of Nations in 1776, is often regarded as the father of modern capitalism. His ideas—that the “invisible hand” guides the market; that a division of labor exists and should exist; and that self-interest and competition lead to wealth creation—are so deeply internalized that most of us take them for granted.
Today, many people contrast “capitalism” with “socialism,” the social ownership or democratic control of industries. The perception is that capitalism—as embodied by the West and the United States in particular—won the war of ideas by generating immense growth and wealth and elevating the standard of living of billions of people. By contrast, socialism—represented by the Soviet Union, which collapsed in 1991, and China, which moderated its approach in the 1980s—didn’t work in practice and was thoroughly discredited.
This assessment of capitalism triumphing over socialism misses a couple of important points. First, there is no such thing as a pure capitalist system. There have been many different forms of capitalist economies ever since money was invented around 5,000 years ago. The current form of institutional capitalism and corporatism is just the latest of many different versions. Similarly, there are many forms of capitalism in service around the world right now. For example, Singapore is the fourth richest country in the world in terms of per-capita GDP. It’s had an unemployment rate of 2.2 percent or lower since 2009 and is regarded as one of the most free and open, pro-business economies in the world. Yet the government in Singapore routinely shapes investment policy, and government-linked firms dominate telecommunications, finance and media in ways that would be unthinkable in America, Norway, Japan or Canada. Like Singapore, many countries’ form of capitalism is steered not by an unseen hand—but by clear government policy.
Imagine a new type of capitalist economy that’s geared toward maximizing human well-being and fulfillment. These goals and GDP would sometimes go hand-in-hand, but there would be times when they wouldn’t be aligned. For example, an airline removing passengers who’d already boarded a plane in order to maximize its profitability would be good for capital but bad for people. The same goes for a drug company charging extortionate rates for a life-saving drug. Most Americans would agree that the airline should accept the lost revenue and the drug company accept a moderate profit margin. But what if this idea was repeated over and over again throughout the economy? Let’s call it human-centered capitalism—or human capitalism for short.
Human capitalism would have a few core tenets:
1. Humanity is more important than money.
2. The unit of an economy is each person, not each dollar.
3. Markets exist to serve our common goals and values.
In business, there’s a saying that “what gets measured gets managed for,” so we need to start measuring different things. The concepts of GDP and economic progress didn’t exist until the Great Depression. However, when economist Simon Kuznets introduced it to Congress in 1934, he cautioned, “The welfare of a nation can … scarcely be inferred from a measurement of national income as defined above.” It’s almost like he saw income inequality and bad jobs coming.
Our economic system must shift to focus on bettering the lot of the average person. Instead of having our humanity subverted to serve the marketplace, capitalism has to be made to serve human ends and goals.
In addition to GDP and job statistics, the government could adopt measurements like:
  • Average physical fitness and mental health
  • Quality of infrastructure
  • Proportion of the elderly in quality care
  • Marriage rates and success
  • Deaths of despair; substance abuse
  • Global temperature variance and sea levels
  • Re-acclimation of incarcerated individuals and rates of criminality
  • Artistic and cultural vibrancy
  • Dynamism and mobility
  • Social and economic equity
  • Civic engagement
  • Cybersecurity
  • Responsiveness and evolution of government
It would be straightforward to establish measurements for each of these and update them periodically. It would be similar to what Steve Ballmer set up at USAFacts.org. Everyone could see how we’re doing and be galvanized around improvement.
This could be tied into a Digital Social Credit (DSC) system, in which people who help move society in a particular direction might be rewarded. For example, a journalist who uncovered a source of waste or an artist who beautified a city or a hacker who strengthened our power grid could be rewarded with social credits. So could someone who helped another person recover from addiction, or helped acclimate an ex-convict into the workforce. Even someone who maintained a high level of physical fitness and helped others do so could be rewarded and recognized.
Maybe you smile in disbelief at the concept of “social credits,” but it’s based on a system currently in use in about 200 communities around the United States: Time BankingIn Time Banking, people trade time and build credits within their communities by performing various helpful tasks—transporting an item, walking a dog, cleaning up a yard, cooking a meal, providing a ride to the doctor, etc. The idea was championed in the US by Edgar Cahn, a law professor and anti-poverty activist in the mid-1990s as a way to strengthen communities.
Despite the success of Time Banks in some communities, they haven’t caught hold that widely in the US in part because they require a certain level of administration and resources to operate. But imagine a supercharged version of Time Banking backed by the federal government where in addition to providing social value, there’s real monetary value underlying it.
The government could put up significant amounts of DSCs as prizes and incentives for major initiatives. For example, they could allocate 100 million DSCs to reduce obesity levels in Mississippi or 1 billion DSCs to improve high school graduation rates in Illinois, and then let people take various actions to collect it. Companies could help meet goals and create and sponsor campaigns around various causes. Nonprofits and NGOs would generate DSCs based on how much good they do and then distribute it back to volunteers and employees. New organizations and initiatives could be crowdfunded by DSCs instead of money, as people ‘vote’ by sending points in.
We could create an entirely new parallel economy around social good.
The most socially detached would likely ignore all of this, of course. But many people love rewards and feeling valued. I get obsessed with completing the 10-punch card for a free sandwich at my deli. We could spur unprecedented levels of social activity without spending that much. DSCs could become cooler than dollars, because you could advertise how much you have and it would be socially acceptable.
The power of this new marketplace and currency can’t be overstated. Most of the entrepreneurs, technologists and young people I know are champing at the bit to work on our problems. We can harness the country’s ingenuity and energy to improve millions of lives if we could just create a way to monetize and measure these goals.
I’m no fan of big government. The larger an organization is, the more cumbersome and ridiculous it often gets. I’ve also spent time with people at the highest levels of government, and it’s striking how stuck most of them feel. One Congressperson said to me, “I’m just trying to get one big thing done here so I can go home.” He’d been in Congress for 7 years at that point. Another joked that being in DC was like being in Rome, with the marble there to remind you that nothing will change.
But I’ve concluded there’s no other way to make these changes than to have the federal government reorganize the economy. Even the richest and most ambitious philanthropists and companies either operate at the wrong scale or have multiple stakeholders that make big, long-term commitments difficult to sustain. We’re staring at trillion-dollar problems, and we need commensurate solutions. We’re in a slow-moving crisis that is about to speed up.


Hello Friends,
Thank you for your support! It’s an exciting time. 
I’ve been in San Francisco meeting with various leaders and entrepreneurs. We had our first sighting of a bumper sticker in SF which was a thrill. I’m speaking at a public event on Tuesday the 17th. I will be in Los Angeles on Friday—tell your friends in SoCal! 
 
My book was featured on the front page of the New York Times Book Review this past weekend. The reviewer, former Labor Secretary Robert Reich, said, “To the rest of America, a U.B.I. may seem like a pipe dream, but from my vantage point some form of it seems inevitable.”  I agree. 
I was also featured in a great interview with Psychology Today. I was excited to do it. Psychology and the Freedom Dividend, in my opinion, go hand in hand. My brother is a psychology professor, and I believe that the Freedom Dividend would be one of the very best things we could do for people’s states of mind.
Right now, most Americans operate in a perpetual state of scarcity, living from paycheck to paycheck. This saps mental energy. One study by psychologist Eldar Shafir and economist Sendhil Mullainathan found that simply reminding people of their own financial scarcity caused a decline of about 13 IQ points in terms of their ability to function on a test. They similarly found that people who are preoccupied by scarcity have less bandwidth to eat healthy food and act civilly.   
We often reverse the causal relationship—we sometimes think that poor decisions cause poverty. It’s more likely the reverse: that resource scarcity causes bandwidth constraints that hurt decision-making and behavior. Shafir, the psychologist, observed, “There’s a very large proportion of Americans who are concerned and struggling financially and therefore possibly lacking in bandwidth. Each time new issues raise their ugly heads, we lose cognitive abilities elsewhere. These findings may even suggest that after the . . . financial crisis, American may have lost a lot of fluid intelligence . . . they don’t have room for things on the periphery.” 
We’ve all been there—when we are starved for time or food or money we are more likely to ignore our child, scarf down a muffin, or bark at someone who does not deserve it. That is the circumstance that most Americans find themselves in each day; 59% of Americans cannot pay an unexpected $500 bill and income volatility is as high as 30-40% each month for the majority of Americans. 
This is one of the core problems of this age. Having the world’s information at our disposal isn’t making us, on average, any smarter. If anything it’s kind of the opposite. Most of us find ourselves struggling with scarcity of time, money, empathy, attention or bandwidth in some combination. It is one of the great perversions of this era that just when advancing technology should be creating more of a feeling of abundance for us all, it is instead activating economic insecurity in most of the population. As steady and predictable work and income become more and more rare—94% of jobs created from 2005 to 2015 were gig economy or temp or contractor positions—our culture seems to be becoming increasingly impulsive and perhaps more racist and misogynist due to an increased bandwidth tax as people jump from island to island trying to stay one step ahead of the economic tide. If you’re busy jumping all day you’re not thinking. 
In my view, it is essential for a democracy to do all it can to keep its population free of a mindset of scarcity in order to make better decisions. We are witnessing epic dysfunction of our politics in part because people have less and less capacity to make quality decisions for themselves and their families, much less to weigh and deliberate on big policy questions. 
Investor Ray Dalio recently observed about the rising economic inequality, “I think that a national emergency should be declared . . . unfortunately it's more likely that nothing . . . will be done and, in the next economic downturn, the haves and have nots will be at each other’s throats, fighting . . . rather than working together to make plans to make most people productive . . . for that reason I’m worried about the health of capitalism and democracy.” 
The health of our democracy starts in our minds. The Freedom Dividend would address our most extreme needs and make us capable of better decisions. It would begin to reverse the social and political dysfunction that is weighing us down and allow us to look up to tackle the big problems. It would make our society more just and fair and rekindle our sense of commonality. 
Let’s make it real together. If we make the Freedom Dividend a reality we’ll all breathe easier and think more clearly for it.  
Yours, 

Thank you for your belief and support! It means a great deal. I hope that you had a wonderful 4th of July with friends and family!


I am writing this from the San Francisco Bay Area, where I will be spending the next few weeks. Some friends are hosting events for me and I will be meeting with various entrepreneurs and technologists, many of whom already support my campaign. Again, most techies know that our economy has changed for good and want to do something about it.    

Still, here in Silicon Valley, as in the rest of the country, some people believe that all will be well as long as “We educate and train Americans for the jobs of the future.” I am, like most people, a big fan of better education. But this attitude seems unrealistically confident about what we are capable of in the face of automation, which Bain believes will affect 20-25% of workers by 2030 at a rate more than twice as fast as the Industrial Revolution.


There are a few reasons why I’m skeptical. First, government-sponsored retraining programs have an absolutely miserable track record. Independent studies on programs for manufacturing workers found efficacy rates of approximately 0–37%, and massive problems of accessibility and quality. Stories abound of schools forming to retrain workers, then closing down and leaving workers with nothing but worthless certificates. Most workers won’t qualify for these programs anyway—it’s not like when a mall closes there will be an army of retrainers for the displaced retail workers.  

Second, only 32% of Americans graduate from college today—42% if one includes two-year programs—and our results have been less than stellar even for those with degrees. The underemployment of college graduates today is up to 44%, school loans total $1.4 trillion, and default rates are rising. Many of our colleges have become paths to backbreaking debt loads and uncertain prospects. The incentives to change aren’t there for most schools because they get paid even if their graduates languish.

Of course, there are things we can and should do differently. In my book, I write about the need to move more people toward vocational education and apprenticeships. In America, only 6% of high school students are on a technical track. In Germany, the percentage is 59%, 10 times higher. We unnecessarily stigmatize vocational work and overprescribe college. Many of the most durable jobs will be in the middle-skill range of line repair, smart manufacturing and infrastructure. Today, there are 30 million unfilled jobs that require a range of technical education. Non-routine manual jobs will be with us for a long time.  

On the K-12 side, there is a need to recast education to include more personal life skills and fewer rote academic tasks. The abilities to self-manage and socialize are likely to become more important and relevant in an age of intelligent machines. Grit, persistence, adaptability, financial literacy, human relationships, communication, managing technology, navigating conflicts, preparing healthy food, physical fitness, self-regulation, time management, basic psychology and mental health practices, arts and music—all of these would help make school more relevant to students and prepare them for a positive and socially productive life independent of work.

But perhaps most fundamentally, we must increase the recognition that most of a child’s success falls outside of the classroom. I received the following note from a supporter this week that I found incredibly galvanizing:
I hold a PhD in education policy and am underemployed as a language teacher working less than full time at half the market rate. During my graduate studies, I learned why US students underperform. Most variation (70%-80%) in student outcomes is explained by non-school factors like family income, family health, and parenting dynamics. We've known this since the Coleman Report of 1966, which is among the best-known education studies in the field. Recognition of the importance of non-school factors is affirmed by respected scholars such as Diane Ravich of NYU and Richard Rothstein of Columbia—but their voices are mere whispers against the backdrop of slogans and media noise.

There's a growing ideology of "no excuses," which tries to pretend away these longstanding findings in education. Teachers matter crucially, but they don't vary to extreme degrees as do family income, family health, parenting dynamics, and literacy in the home. In this respect, the “no excuses” ideology is a form of denialism scarcely different from the politicized denials of global warming...
His message was significantly longer and more detailed. But I found myself wondering how many educators who have worked in our schools would agree with his sentiment. Friends who are teachers have expressed to me that what goes on inside the school cannot overcome what goes on in the home or in a given community or neighborhood.

Our approach to education has put too much faith in institutions that cannot succeed because in most cases the problems are beyond their ability to solve.

This is one reason why I am so passionate about Universal Basic Income—it would improve children's lives at home. In one study in 1995, researchers tracked the personalities of 1,420 low-income children in North Carolina when a group of families started receiving $4,000 per person per year. Among children in families that received money, behavioral and emotional disorders went down. Two personality traits became more pronounced in these children: conscientiousness and agreeableness, both of which correlate strongly to professional and relationship success. Among adults, domestic violence and alcohol consumption both went down. “We know that the thing poor couples fight about the most is money,” said one of the researchers. “Now we have a sense of what even just a little money can do to change these things, to change their lives.”

This strikes me as one of the keys to education. We have to invest directly in people and their families. It is only by trusting people that we can give our institutions an actual chance to succeed.  

Thanks again for your support. While I’m on the West Coast, I am also visiting Los Angeles on July 13th, Seattle on July 26th and MAYBE Portland. Please email zach@yang2020.com if you are in SF or one of those cities and want to get involved—hopefully I will see you soon!  
Have a fantastic holiday and say Happy Birthday to this country of ours. It's getting older and...more eccentric. ;)

Your grateful candidate,
 











Yang 2020 logo
Thank you for helping to make Universal Basic Income a reality.
Yang2020.com | Twitter | Facebook | Instagram
Paid for by Friends of Andrew Yang.
All rights reserved.
New York, NY
#humanityfirst 

Yang 2020 logo

Thank you for being the first to support my presidential campaign—early adopters are my favorite people. We attract the very best.  
It’s been a phenomenal week. Thanks to my appearance on Sam Harris’s podcast Waking Up, we’ve received more than 1,000 new donations totaling over $20,000 just in the last week alone. Many of you may have just found out about the campaign through that podcast—I’m incredibly grateful to Sam for having me on and for elevating our ideas to his massive following. 
Last night we held an informal gathering of young people here in New York and it was a packed house with a waiting list of another 60 people. The energy was high—people are charged up and ready to fight for a new economy. 
Tuesday night I spoke to a group of techies here in New York City hosted by several friendly venture capitalists. People who work in technology are among the most savvy and knowledgeable about the impact of AI and automation on human labor. And technologists and investors, perhaps to the surprise of some, are among the biggest early supporters of my campaign. 
 
The reality is that no one is more concerned about the impact of AI on society than the people who are building it. Almost always, the more someone knows, the higher his or her concern level is. 
Some might ask, “Isn’t it their fault?  Aren’t they the ones building the technology that is going to replace workers?” But technologists, VCs, and entrepreneurs are simply doing all they can to push their companies and products forward. It is not their fault that the gains are being concentrated in the hands of a very few, and it’s nearly impossible for them to know and account for the downstream social and economic impacts. It’s OUR job—that is, it’s the responsibility of our government and leaders to account for the impact of innovation on human well-being. 
Unfortunately, we are decades behind. And we need to speed up fast. 
One investor said something to me on Tuesday that struck me as profound. “At this point, we don’t even need much more technological innovation. We could be busy for a long time just applying the tech we already have.  What we really need is much more social innovation.”  He’s on to something. He’s a good man who is supporting my campaign. And there are many others like him. 
I remember when I was young and trying to start a company—I saw venture capitalists as figures on high who could change a young entrepreneur’s life with a stroke of a pen. Which is sort of true. But now I realize that they’re still just people—parents, Americans with a job to do like the rest of us (though they tend to have much nicer offices). They have pressures to produce returns for their limited partners and goals to hit every period.  Many of them see the need to build a better economy and want to be part of that transformation. 
One of the world’s foremost authorities on AI, Kai-Fu Lee, sent me an advance copy of his new book, AI Superpowers, that is coming out this Fall. His vision for the future is both authoritative and stark. From his perspective, AI is quickly transforming the digital world, corporate processes and financial institutions. Soon it will cross into the physical world via intelligent sensors and interfaces, self-driving cars, autonomous drones and intelligent factory and farming robots. This will impact our communities and ways of life. Lee predicts a real danger of large-scale technological unemployment that will wrack the Western world for years to come.
Again, the more someone knows the more concerned they are. 
Lee’s vision has an additional element; we all take for granted that the United States leads the world in new technologies.  But Lee believes that in Artificial Intelligence, China has a number of large structural advantages that will lead them to rival, and even surpass, the US in key respects. These advantages include an army of ruthless entrepreneurs honed in a take-no-prisoners environment, government subsidized computing infrastructure worth tens of billions of dollars, and access to more data—which serves as food for AI. Lee describes how AI has become a national fixation in China. 280 million Chinese watched AI beat the world champion in Go in real time like a major sporting event. Here in the States, we tend to rely upon private industry and orgs like OpenAI to employ the smartest people to keep us ahead. But in Lee’s view, the rollout of AI will be less dependent upon a series of breakthroughs, which would advantage us, and more on the diligent application of existing advances, which advantages China. 
When I visited with the team at OpenAI in Silicon Valley, they too expressed concern that China’s computing resources—again, they are spending tens of billions of dollars to build out entire islands of computers—are difficult to match. The team at Open AI expressed a need for two things: 1. International collaboration on AI to avoid an arms race dynamic, and 2. A need to maintain American leadership, in part to make sure that cooperation happens.
I will make this a central priority as President. We can remain world leaders with the right leadership in place that is willing to make the right investments.    
Before settling on “Humanity First” we were going to use the slogan “Build the Future.” There are two fundamental problems we must solve for. First, our economy is leaving too many—most of us—behind due in large part to advancing technology. We need to build a different more human-centered economy that allows everyone to pursue a secure future for themselves and their family while still striving for more. Second, we have been trading on the investments of past generations in infrastructure, education, and innovation that are now falling apart. We need to reinvest in ourselves and our communities in order to stay competitive. 
In essence, we need to become more dynamic and empathetic simultaneously. We don’t have that much time. 
Both Kai-Fu and my friends at OpenAI are excited by the positive possibilities of AI as well. We could cure cancer, help address climate change, and solve other impossibly complex problems with AI in the seasons to come. One thing I’m sure of—innovation is more likely to occur in a thriving, prosperous society than one that is struggling with pervasive scarcity.  If we speed up our society and government (!!) to match our technology, we will be in position to capture and distribute the incredible gains being made from AI to improve life for all Americans. 
A personal note to share—June 30th is a deadline for filing campaign results with the FEC. This quarter is one of the first quarters we report and we must demonstrate support. If you have yet to do so, please consider donating $1 to the campaign so we can have a larger number of contributors to report and demonstrate popular support. If you have already donated, please give a bit more. We can fight for the future we all know is possible but we need your help. 
I’ve now run several companies, a nonprofit and a political campaign. It turns out that all of them involve asking people for money.  ;)  Passion, energy, and money can change the world. 
Let’s get to work. 
Yours, 

- - - - - - - - - - 
Fundraiser in Brooklyn Tonight
We're hosting a private fundraiser at a supporter's home in Brooklyn at 6 PM tonight. Please contact Zach at zach@yang2020.com if you would like to attend—we'd love to see you there! 












Yang 2020 logo
Thank you for helping to make Universal Basic Income a reality.
Yang2020.com | Twitter | Facebook | Instagram
Paid for by Friends of Andrew Yang.
All rights reserved.
New York, NY
#humanityfirst 















Just a few hours until Andrew will be answering your questions LIVE in the 'One for Humanity' Facebook group.  is a great opportunity to talk policy and get to know your candidate. Andrew is looking forward to meeting : 3:00 p.m. EST: One for Humanity Facebook Group
: Request to join here
hope you can join!
Team Yang
---
What is the One for Humanity Facebook Group?
The #OneForHumanity community is a group of 100,000 Americans pledging to contribute $1 to Andrew's Presidential campaign, in order to show the political establishment that it's time to adopt policies and values that put humanity first.

Hello, hope all is great. There's a lot to share this week!
This past week I spoke at Google and also appeared on a YouTube show with 1.8 million followers – warning that this video will make you hungry. 
I also made trips to Los Angeles, Boston, and New Hampshire.  In Los Angeles I met many amazing people including a very well-dressed baby – the first baby I’ve kissed as a presidential candidate. 
 
The Boston event was sold out with over 100 attendees and generated some tremendous press, like this NBC News Boston interview
Entrepreneurs like Owen Johnson (Revival) and Sven Karlsson (Platelet Biogenesis) were there to say hello. Thank you to Ian So (Chicken & Rice Guys) for hosting and making the event possible.   
On Tuesday, we traveled to Keene in Western New Hampshire where I met with the local entrepreneurship center and then the Young Democrats of New Hampshire. The Young Dems were an inspirational group. Maggie is the youngest city councilwoman in Keene history. Shaye moved there from New York to organize young people. Rachel started her own 15-person management consulting company. Sparky served in the Army as a translator in Afghanistan before moving back to New Hampshire and is now running for State Representative. Oni arranged a protest for net neutrality at the local Verizon headquarters. And Amelia was running the show.  
 
Maggie commented on the fact that young people often left Western New Hampshire for greener pastures (not literally, as it’s very green there). But she was there trying to make the town better. 
That, to me is the goal of this campaign. How can we actually make life in Keene better? 
The Young Dems of New Hampshire are among the most dynamic and enterprising people in their state. By the numbers, Americans are moving, starting businesses, getting married, having children and participating in the workforce at historic lows. Meanwhile suicides, overdoses, depression, school loans, and financial insecurity are all at record highs, and 59% of Americans cannot afford a $500 bill.
We have in particular shafted young people and left them with a shambles of an economy, record indebtedness, unaffordable housing, few career paths forward, a crumbling infrastructure, and a warming planet.   
The message of this campaign is one of the harshness of the reality that most Americans face day-to-day – a reality that is about to be made much worse by advancing technologies that will eliminate millions of jobs. But it is also about the actions we can take that will improve the lives of tens of millions of Americans. 
Standing in Keene with the Young Dems, I said to them, “You all have outsized importance. If you all decide to make the case for a different kind of economy, the entire country will hear you. And if we make it real here, other countries will follow suit. This group of people, in this room right now, has a unique chance to advance all of humanity.” I could sense them weighing these words and realizing their truth. 
We all aren’t Democratic activists in New Hampshire, but it is true for each of us as well. If we make the case to our fellow Americans that we can build a new kind of economy that puts Humanity First, we can make it real. As Margaret Mead said, "Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful, committed citizens can change the world; indeed, it's the only thing that ever has."
Let’s show what we can do. 
- - - - - - - - - - 
Can you make a donation today? 
Many of you have already donated to our campaign, and we're so grateful. Most of our donations come from people like you chipping in small amounts when they can. That's why we ask every week—we couldn't keep fighting without your contributions.
If you can, please make a donation today. Any amount helps, and it means more to us than you know. 
















Yang 2020 logo
Thank you for helping to make Universal Basic Income a reality.
Yang2020.com | Twitter | Facebook | Instagram
Paid for by Friends of Andrew Yang.
All rights reserved.
New York, NY
#humanityfirst 
Hi everyone -

Great news!  Andrew Yang is coming to Boston on June 11th, and we'd love for you and your friends to join him.

Details are below:

What: Meet 2020 Presidential Candidate (D) - Andrew Yang
Where: Oficio Coworking & Meeting Rooms, 30 Newbury Street, Boston, MA 02116
When: Monday, June 11th, 6pm - 9pm

Please spread the word and we hope to see you there!


Zach
Zach Graumann
Campaign Manager, Yang2020
m: 860.559.3915
zach@yang2020.com
Friends,
I’m Zach Graumann, Andrew’s campaign manager.
When the campaign launched in February, the New York Times called Andrew a “longer than longshot” candidate.
Since then we’ve had some real wins. Nearly every major news outlet has profiled Andrew. Donors and supporters from all over the country—South Carolina, North Dakota, Minnesota, and just about every other state—have stepped forward and said, “This is our campaign.”  
Still, even our biggest supporters ask us: “Does Andrew really have a shot?”
We understand their disbelief. Andrew’s platform is bold, smart, and entirely new. This kind of political change never comes easy—and many are so jaded by American politics that it’s hard to believe meaningful progress is possible.
Here at HQ, we know we’re in for the fight of our lives. Andrew is going up against establishment politicians with multi-million dollar warchests. We can’t outraise the competition.
Our legitimacy is not going to come from fancy endorsements or press hits. It’s going to come from you.
So today, we’re asking you to give us one dollar.
It’s not about the money—it’s about what it demonstrates. It’s about showing the establishment that Andrew’s “radical” solutions aren’t so radical, and that thousands of voters across the country believe his ideas belong on the debate stage.
We need 100,000 people to donate just $1 each to Yang2020 by the end of the year. If we pull this off, we’ll have the attention we need to contend in the primaries and change America’s political dialogue. Most importantly, Andrew’s vision won’t seem like such a longshot.
You can help us make this real. Please join One For Humanity and donate $1 today.



Does Andrew really have a shot?
If you give us $1 today, he absolutely does.
- Zach

Before I tell you about our trip to D.C., I want to thank you for the support you showed us last week. Many of you gave $1 to the One for Humanity campaign, and your confidence in our mission means the world. My campaign manager, Zach, will be sharing more details about One for Humanity tomorrow. Until then, if you haven't donated yet, please give us $1 today.
On Monday, I was invited to meet with Richard Branson, the founder of the Virgin Group, by a friend. Richard is one of the most prominent leaders who has already come out in favor of Universal Basic Income (others include Elon Musk, Mark Zuckerberg, Albert Wenger, and more). We had a brief conversation about abundance.  He ended our conversation with a smile and said simply, “I hope you win.” It was easy to see how he has inspired so many people.
On Tuesday I was invited to Washington D.C. to meet with Democratic members of Congress as well as a group of lawyers who double as democratic fundraisers. One of them said something profound to me: “Washington D.C. is not a town of leaders. We are actually a town of laggards and followers, particularly when it comes to policy. Your best bet is to spend time in other parts of the country and create a wave that ends in D.C. We will be the last people to figure it out.” I appreciated this bit of wisdom a great deal.  I met some amazing people and caught up with Grace Meng, Vice Chair of the DNC as well as some other friends.
On Wednesday it was back to New Jersey for an event hosted by my friends from law school, Mike and Karen Borofsky and Shavar Jeffries, as well as Tom Wisniewski, the head of Newark Venture Partners. They gathered together an incredible group of technologists, entrepreneurs, educators, executives and parents to meet and talk about how automation is transforming our economy and what to do about it. The attendees agreed that the problems were massive and that big solutions were needed. We made many new friends of different ages.
On Thursday I was invited to speak at Propelify, a tech and innovation conference in New Jersey. I also met with an inspiring group of founders who started Mannabase, a cryptocurrency designed to give money to people who need it. You simply sign up and receive money every month. They have 200,000+ subscribers already, and while the income is very low right now (around 20 cents per month), they have established a structure that demonstrates what is possible. Right now, their funding is simply from donations to an affiliated nonprofit.
On Friday we hosted a number of people at the office, including James Felton Keith, an activist and leader who advocates for personal data as a natural resource that would allow for dividends. We also hosted Jen Dziura, an incredible entrepreneur who created the Bullish Conference to empower women in the workforce. I learned a ton from each of them.
The week ahead will be a big one for the campaign, as I’m appearing on CNBC and MSNBC and the Wall Street Journal is reviewing my book. The message of this campaign—of putting Humanity First—resonates wherever I go. With your help we can take the message to people far and wide and all the way back to D.C.
Yours,


P.S. If you're located in the greater New York City area, please stop by our office for a happy hour on Thursday, May 31st! The event is free but space is limited, so be sure to reserve your spot in advance. We'd love to meet you.










Yang 2020 logo
Thank you for helping to make Universal Basic Income a reality.
Yang2020.com | Twitter | Facebook | Instagram
Paid for by Friends of Andrew Yang.
All rights reserved.
New York, NY
#humanityfirst 
Hello, and thank you for your support of my campaign! It means the world to me. 
This week I was on Bloomberg to talk about Universal Basic Income as a response to increasing automation: 
The reception was great.  More and more Americans are realizing every day that we need big new solutions that will actually improve people’s lives. 
I’ve decided to put my money where my mouth is and give a Freedom Dividend of $1,000 per month to someone in New Hampshire in 2019. I will do the same in Iowa and hope to enlist some like-minded people to expand the Freedom Dividend to include more and more people in the weeks ahead. 
I did not decide to do this lightly. I do not have the kind of wealth where $24,000 is an amount I can give away without real deliberation and tradeoffs. I have already contributed $40,000 to the campaign and have yet to take a salary. I have two kids who are just hitting school age. 
But then I get some perspective. I am asking my team to sacrifice other opportunities to work with me on this campaign. I am asking everyday Americans like you to believe in me and to donate your hard-earned money to the underdog campaign for real change. I am asking all Americans to look at the suffering around us and say, “It doesn’t have to be this way.”
Many Americans are struggling to make ends meet and find themselves in very tough situations. It’s a thrill to think that this $24,000 will help at least a couple families pay their bills, get their heads up, plan for the future and perhaps improve their lives. That’s what this campaign is all about—building a new economy that puts Humanity First. It is only by believing in our people that we can build a prosperous society in an age of new technologies. This is a way to demonstrate that people matter more than money.  
I hope that you are excited about the first real live Freedom Dividend. If you are, please spread the word, particularly if you have friends and family in New Hampshire who would benefit from getting an additional $1,000 per month (i.e. most people). 
I also hope that you will use this occasion to make this campaign your own through a contribution of any amount. If we lead by example, we can show our fellow Americans that this is yet a land of abundance, of heart and opportunity. Great things remain possible if we make it so.
Let’s show what we can do. 
Yours truly,

The last couple of weeks have been phenomenal. The week before last I was in San Francisco for an event with Jim Pugh that drew 100 people.
While I was out there I met with the team at OpenAI, a leading research outfit backed by Elon Musk. OpenAI is working to advance artificial intelligence for our collective benefit, while also making sure it doesn't become a destructive force. 
AI has the potential to transform our lives and tackle the biggest problems we currently face. It could speed up genetic research and help us cure cancer. It could help mitigate the impact of climate change by accurately modeling the effects of various geoengineering measures. It could even eventually help us educate our children through personalized teaching and coaching.
But it could also cause massive problems. One expert described the potential dangers as ‘like nuclear weapons, but worse,’ because rogue actors could use it for destructive purposes. AI will become a key issue for America moving forward, and our government needs to speed up to a point where it is at least in the room and capable of identifying the right concerns. 
The U.S. is in danger of lagging behind in AI research. Other governments see AI as mission-critical and are investing tens of billions of dollars to race ahead. China has built ‘an AI island’ that will soon be home to tens of thousands of computers, all funded by the state. Thanks to government support, Chinese researchers also have access to the best raw materials and infrastructure, and enjoy unfettered access to data, which is like food for AI. 
The U.S. researchers I spoke to did not want an arms race—but they suggested that it’s a lot easier to collaborate if you are one of the leaders in the field. As President, I will ensure that we continue to lead in the crucial area of AI development. We need to team up with and support our private companies and get them the resources they need to reach the cutting edge.     
While I was in the Bay Area, I noticed a trend: the more people knew about AI and automation, the more concerned they were about the economy and the displacement of workers. It made my campaign seem all the more vital. 
I spent last week doing interviews for the launch of my book, which was a lot of fun. I did an interview with Brian Lehrer and appeared on Business Insider, and many more articles will be live in the coming weeks. 
It’s great to finally have the book out there—I’m getting positive feedback every day. But the book is only important insofar as it makes change real and more possible. 
That is one reason I’m so grateful to each of you—for making this campaign your own. Please do make a contribution so that we can reach more people like you and grow the tribe. And please spread the word. Let’s start fixing the problems.
Let’s start putting Humanity First again. 
Yours gratefully,

P.S. For those of you in New York, the Core Club is hosting a book talk with me and Nicholas Confessore of the New York Times on Wednesday evening in Midtown. Email frawley@yang2020.com if you’d like to attend, as we are allowed to have a small number of guests.   


This is a huge day for the campaign—The War on Normal People is finally out and in bookstores across the country! Here's a pic from my local Barnes and Noble of 'the Octagon' table at the front of the store:  
I am thrilled to have the book out in the world—it makes the case that we are undergoing the greatest economic and technological transformation in our history and that we need big solutions, like the Freedom Dividend, to ensure our shared future. The book and campaign are continuing to get a lot of great coverage. Excerpts have been published by the Daily Beast and Entrepreneur with more to come, and earlier today I appeared on the Brian Lehrer show on WNYC. We've received coverage from Fast Company and Quartz, and NowThis produced a video that has been viewed more than 700k times since yesterday. On Wednesday in NYC, serial entrepreneur David Rose and director Cheryl Houser are hosting a book launch party for press and others (my family is on Spring Break but will be there in spirit). 
Our friends and supporters have placed more than 2,000 pre-orders, and we have a real chance to get on the bestseller lists which will drive even more interest. If you haven’t already done so, please order your copy now, or pick it up at a nearby bookstore. I am optimistic that the book will open people's eyes and minds to what we are experiencing as a society.  
Thank you for your belief and support. The team and I are so grateful that you've chosen to take this journey with us. Let's show what we can do together and start fixing the big problems. 
A few weeks ago I received an email from an Army veteran, Daniel Navin. He said, “Universal Basic Income already exists on a massive scale in the USA. It is cloaked as the ‘Defense Industry.’ The defense industry is funded 100% by US taxpayers to the tune of one trillion dollars per year. This trillion is going toward myriad things that essentially boil down to one common reality: they provide no real product or service to the US taxpayer ... essentially we pay one trillion dollars annually for 7.4 million employed full time, funded entirely by the taxpayers.” (I’m editing his message here, as it was quite detailed.)    

 
I was blown away. I responded, “Well, that’s a case that a non-veteran like me would have a hard time making.” Daniel was an Army sniper who is now an engineer at a defense contractor in Pennsylvania while working on his own company. We met at the campaign event in Philadelphia (pictured above) and I’m proud to say that he is starting a group called Veterans for Andrew Yang.
People like Daniel inspire me because they joined the campaign so early on. Early adopters are my favorite people. That likely includes you. Thank you. 
This past week was very exciting—the campaign was covered by Entrepreneur, the Carnegie Council, and Techcrunch, the last of which landed us on the front page of Reddit and drove our site traffic to all-time highs (yes, even higher than the New York Times piece). An excerpt of my book, which arrives in bookstores next Tuesday, was published in the Daily Beast with excerpts to come in Fortune and Entrepreneur. We are up to 2,000 confirmed pre-orders, which puts the book near bestseller territory! If you haven’t done so please buy your copy today—every single book counts. 
It's the end of the first quarter, and we want to demonstrate how much support our message has already gained. For the next 48 hours, I will personally match any contributions made by members of this email list, up to $10,000. This is a great chance to make your donations count. If you convince a friend to donate, let us know—I'll match their donation, too. Please do relieve me of my money—it would mean a lot. ;) 
Let’s show what we can do. Proud to fight for the future alongside you all. 

 
























Yang 2020 logo
Thank you for helping to make Universal Basic Income a reality.
Yang2020.com | Twitter | Facebook | Instagram
Paid for by Friends of Andrew Yang.
All rights reserved.
New York, NY
#humanityfirst 
We’re gearing up for my book, The War on Normal Peopleto hit bookstores on April 3rd. This book contains the core ideas of my campaign, and thanks to our early supporters, it looks like we have a real chance to make the bestseller list. So many of you have already bought a copy, and your support means the world to me and the team. If you haven’t already done so, please order your copy now and maybe buy an extra few for your friends—every preorder helps.
I began writing this book because I was filled with unease about what was happening to our economy and society. As the CEO of Venture for America, I had just spent 6 years working with startups in Detroit, Cleveland, New Orleans, and 15 other cities. Many of these cities were places I had never visited before, and I was shocked by the widespread economic despair I saw firsthand. Meanwhile, many of my friends in SF and New York were working on the cutting edge of technology and finance, creating huge wins for their businesses but displacing an outsize number of workers in other cities. In writing this book, I tried to make connections and convey what I was seeing, while also digging into the facts. Donald Trump’s election heightened my urgency.
As I began my research, I was prepared to discover anything—I'm an evidence- and fact-based person. But everything I learned made it clear that the situation was much worse than I imagined. It was staggering. We’re not at the beginning of the automation wave—we are in the middle, and things are set to speed up. It is driving many of the other problems we are experiencing.

Writing the book pushed me to consider what could be done in the face of unprecedented technological changes. I spent many days considering what displaced truckers could do, which quickly shifted to thinking about the meaning of work, and then the meaning of life. Not to say that I figured out the latter—but the more you consider what automation means, the more human the question becomes.
This book is the most important thing I have ever produced. I feel so strongly about its findings and ideas that I am now working around the clock trying to bring them into the world and make them real. There is a difference between writing a book about something and fighting for it.
An excerpt from the introduction follows below. I hope you are excited to buy a copy of the book and tell your friends. It is only by truly understanding the challenges ahead that we can overcome them together.

Yours,





“The future is right now – it’s just unevenly distributed.”  
 —William Gibson

I am writing from inside the tech bubble to let you know that we are coming for your jobs.
I recently met a pair of old friends for drinks in Manhattan. One is an executive who works at a software company in New York. They replace call center workers with Artificial Intelligence software. I asked her whether she believed her work would result in job losses. She responded matter-of-factly, “We are getting better and better at things that will make large numbers of workers extraneous. And we will succeed. There needs to be a dramatic reskilling of the workforce, but that’s not going to be practical for a lot of people. It’s impossible to avoid a lost generation of workers.” Her confidence in this assessment was total. The conversation then quickly shifted to more pleasant topics. 
I later met with a friend who’s a Boston-based venture capitalist. He told me he felt “a little uneasy” about investing in software and robotics companies that, if successful, would eliminate large numbers of jobs. “But they’re good opportunities,” he noted, estimating that 70% of the startups he’s seeing will contribute to job losses in other parts of the economy.
In San Francisco, I had breakfast with an operations manager for a large tech company. He told me, “I just helped set up a factory that had 70% fewer workers than one even a few years ago would have had, and most of them are high-end technicians on laptops. I have no idea what normal people are going to do in a few years.”
Normal people. Seventy percent of Americans consider themselves part of the middle class. Chance are, you do too. Right now some of the smartest people in the country are trying to figure out how to replace you with an overseas worker, a cheaper version of you, or, increasingly, a widget, software program, or robot. There’s no malice in it. The market rewards business leaders for making things more efficient. Efficiency doesn’t love normal people. It loves getting things done in the most cost-effective way possible.
A wave of automation and job loss is no longer a dystopian vision of the future – it’s well underway. The numbers have been telling a story for a while now that we have been ignoring. More and more people of prime working age have been dropping out of the workforce. There’s a growing mass of the permanently displaced. Automation is accelerating to a point where it will soon threaten our social fabric and way of life.
Experts and researchers project an unprecedented wave of job destruction coming with the development of artificial intelligence, robotics, software and automation. The Obama White House published a report in December 2016 that predicted 83% of jobs where people make less than $20 per hour will be subject to automation or replacement. Between 2.2 and 3.1 million car, bus and truck driving jobs in the U.S. will be eliminated by the advent of self-driving vehicles.
Read that last sentence again: the government is confident that between 2 and 3 million Americans who drive vehicles for a living will lose their jobs in the next ten to fifteen years.Driving a truck is the most common occupation in twenty-nine states. Self-driving vehicles are one of the most obvious job-destroying technologies, but there are similar innovations ahead that will displace cashiers, fast food workers, customer service representatives, administrative assistants and even well-paid white collar jobs like wealth managers, lawyers, and insurance agents, all within the span of a few short years. Suddenly out of work, millions will struggle to find a new job, particularly those at the lower end of the skill ladder.  
Automation has already eliminated about 4 million manufacturing jobs in the U.S. since 2000. Instead of finding new jobs, a lot of those people left the workforce and didn’t come back. The U.S. labor force participation rate is now at only 62.9%, a rate below that of nearly all other industrialized economies and about the same as that of El Salvador and Ukraine. Some of this is driven by an aging population, which presents its own set of problems, but much of it is driven by automation and a lower demand for labor.


Each 1 percent decline in the labor participation rate equates to approximately 2.5 million Americans dropping out. The number of working-age Americans who aren’t in the workforce has surged to a record 95 million. Ten years into the nation’s recovery from the financial crisis and 95 million working-age Americans not in the workforce - I’ve taken to calling this phenomenon The Great Displacement.
The lack of mobility and growth has created a breeding ground for political hostility and social ills. High rates of unemployment and underemployment are linked to an array of social problems, including substance abuse, domestic violence, child abuse, and depression.  Today 40% percent of American children are born outside of married households, due in large part to the crumbling marriage rate among working-class adults, and overdoses and suicides have overtaken auto accidents as leading causes of death. More than half of American households already rely on the government for direct income in some form. In some parts of the U.S., 20% of working age adults are now on disability, with increasing numbers citing mood disorders. What Americans who cannot find jobs find instead is despair. If you care about communities and our way of life, you care about people having jobs.
This is the most pressing economic and social issue of our time; our economy is evolving in ways that will make it more and more difficult for people with lower levels of education to find jobs and support themselves. Soon, these difficulties will afflict the white-collar world. It’s a boiling pot getting hotter one degree at a time. And we’re the frog.
In my role as Founder of Venture for America, I spent the past six years working with hundreds of startups across the country in cities like Detroit, New Orleans, Cincinnati, Providence, Cleveland, Baltimore, Philadelphia, St. Louis, Birmingham, Columbus, Pittsburgh, San Antonio, Charlotte, Miami, Nashville, Atlanta, and Denver. Some of these places were bustling industrial centers in the late 19th and 20th centuries only to find themselves faced with population loss and economic transition as the twentieth century wound down. Venture for America trains young aspiring entrepreneurs to work at startups in cities like these to generate job growth. We’ve had many successes. But the kinds of jobs created tend to be very specific; every business I worked with will hire the very best people it can find – particularly startups. When entrepreneurs start companies and expand, they generally aren’t hiring a down-on-his-or-her-luck-worker-in-need-of-a-break. They are hiring the strongest contributors with the right mix of qualities to help an early-stage company succeed. Most jobs in a startup essentially require a college degree. That excludes 68 percent of the population right there. And some of these companies are lifting further inefficiencies out of the system - reducing jobs in other places even while hiring their own new workers.
There’s a scene in Ben Horowitz’s book The Hard Things about Hard Things in which he depicts the CEO of a company meeting with his two lieutenants. The CEO says to one of them, “You’re going to do everything in your power to make this deal work.” Then he turns to the other and says, “Even if he does everything right, it’s probably not going to work. Your job is to fix it.” That’s where we’re at with the American economy. Unprecedented advances are accelerating in real-time and wreaking havoc on lives and communities around the country, particularly on those least able to adapt and adjust.
We must do all we can to reduce the worst effects of the Great Displacement – it should be the driving priority of corporations, government and non-profits for the foreseeable future. We should invest in education, job training and placement, apprenticeships, relocation, entrepreneurship, and tax incentives – anything to help make hiring and retaining workers appealing. And then we should acknowledge that, for millions of people, it’s not going to work.
In the U.S. we want to believe that the market will resolve most situations. In this case, the market will not solve the problem – quite the opposite. The market is driven to reduce costs. It will look to find the cheapest way to perform tasks. The market doesn’t want to provide for unemployed truck drivers or cashiers. Uber is going to get rid of its drivers as soon as it can. Its job isn’t to hire lots of people – its job is to move customers around as efficiently as possible. The market will continue to throw millions of people out of the labor force as automation and technology improve. In order for society to continue to function and thrive when tens of millions of Americans don’t have jobs, we will need to rethink the relationship between work and being able to pay for basic needs. And then, we will have to determine ways to convey the psychic and social benefits of work in other ways.
There is really only one entity – the federal government - that can realistically reformat society in ways that will prevent large swaths of the country from becoming jobless zones of derelict buildings and broken people. Non-profits will be at the frontlines of fighting the decline, but most of their activities will be like band-aids on top of an infected wound. State governments are generally hamstrung with balanced budget requirements and limited resources.
Even if they don’t talk about it in public, many technologists themselves fear a backlash. My friends in Silicon Valley want to be positive, but many are buying bunkers and escape hatches just in case. One reason that solutions are daunting to even my most optimistic friends is that, while their part of the American economy is flourishing, little effort is being made to distribute the gains from automation and reverse the decline in opportunities. To do so would require an active, stable, invigorated unified federal government willing to make large bets. This, unfortunately, is not what we have. We have an indebted state rife with infighting, dysfunction and outdated ideas and bureaucracies from bygone eras, along with a populace that cannot agree on basic facts like vote totals or climate change. Our politicians offer half-hearted solutions that will at best nibble at the edges of the problem. The budget for Research and Development in the Department of Labor is only $4 million. We have a 1960s-era government that has few solutions to the problems of 2018.
This must change if our way of life is to continue. We need a revitalized, dynamic government to rise to the challenge posed by the largest economic transformation in the history of mankind. 
The above may sound like science fiction to you. But you’re reading this with a supercomputer in your pocket (or reading it on the supercomputer itself) and Donald Trump was elected President. Doctors can fix your eyes with lasers, but your local mall just closed. We are living in unprecedented times. The future without jobs will come to resemble either the cultivated benevolence of Star Trek or the desperate scramble for resources of Mad Max. Unless there is a dramatic course correction, I fear we are heading toward the latter.
Our society has already been shaped by large-scale changes in the economy due to technological advances. It turns out that Americans have been dealing with the lack of meaningful opportunities by getting married less and becoming less and less functional. The fundamental message is that we are already on the edge of dystopia with hundreds of thousands of families and communities being pushed into oblivion.
Education and retraining won’t address the gaps; the goalposts are now moving and many affected workers are well past their primes. We need to establish an updated form of capitalism – I call it Human-Centered Capitalism or Human Capitalism for short – to amend our current version of institutional capitalism that will lead us toward ever-increasing automation accompanied by social ruin. We must make the market serve humanity rather than have humanity continue to serve the market. We must simultaneously become more dynamic and more empathetic as a society. We must change and grow faster than most think possible.
When the next downturn hits, hundreds of thousands of people will wake up to do their jobs only to be told that they’re no longer needed. Their factory or retail store or office or mall or business or truck stop or agency will close. They will look for another job and, this time, they will not find one. They will try to keep up a brave face, but the days and weeks will pass and they will become more and more defeated. They will almost always blame themselves for their lot. They will say things like, “I wish I’d applied myself more in school,” or “I should have picked another job.” They’ll burn through their meager savings. Their family lives and communities will suffer. Some will turn to substance abuse or watch too much TV. Their health will slip – the ailments they’ve been working through will seem twice as painful. Their marriages will fail. They will lose their sense of self-worth. Their physical environments will decay around them and their loved ones will become reminders of their failure.  
For every displaced worker, there will be two or three others who have their shifts and hours reduced, their benefits cut, and their already precarious financial lives pushed to the brink. They will try to consider themselves lucky even as their hopes for the future dim.
Meanwhile, in Manhattan and Silicon Valley and Washington D.C., my friends and I will be busier than ever fighting to stay current and climb within our own hypercompetitive environments. We will read articles with concern about the future and think about how to redirect our children to more fertile professions and livelihoods. We will retweet something and contribute here and there. We will occasionally reflect on the fates of others and shake our heads, determined to be among the winners in whatever the new economy brings.
The logic of the meritocracy is leading us to ruin, because we are collectively primed to ignore the voices of the millions getting pushed into economic distress by the grinding wheels of automation and innovation. We figure they’re complaining or suffering because they’re losers.
We need to break free of this logic of the marketplace before it’s too late.
We must reshape and accelerate society to bring us all to higher ground. We must find new ways to organize ourselves independent of the values that the marketplace assigns to each and every one of us.
As Bismarck said, “If revolution there is to be, let us rather undertake it not undergo it.” Society will change either before or after the revolution. I choose before.
We are more than the numbers on our paychecks – and we are going to have to prove it very quickly.


























Yang 2020 logo
Thank you for helping to make Universal Basic Income a reality.
Yang2020.com | Twitter | Facebook | Instagram
Paid for by Friends of Andrew Yang.
All rights reserved.
New York, NY
#humanityfirst 

Friends, 
Thank you for your energy and support!  It means the world to me and the team.  
Here at campaign headquarters, we can't believe that The War On Normal People comes out in a few weeks. I cannot tell you how excited I am to have the book out in the world, as it contains the main ideas of the campaign and why I am so passionate about the changes we need to make to get through this stage of history. It’s ambitious to write a book with the intention of moving society in a particular direction, but that was my goal.
We want to get this book into as many hands as possible, so we're working on making it a New York Times bestseller. Every pre-order helps, so if you'd like to buy a copy, now is the time. You can pre-order it here
We'll have plenty of press surrounding the book launch. Fortune and Entrepreneur have asked to run excerpts of the book, and the Daily Beast has asked for an opinion piece. I also did interviews with BusinessInsider, Vice and the Hill. I believe in the book a great deal and can’t wait until April 3rd when it arrives. 
Beyond the book launch, it's been a busy time at HQ—we're in the midst of transitioning to a new, bigger office and staffing up. The response to our launch has continued to be fun and overwhelming, and the media requests keep coming. Last week I made an appearance on Bloomberg
I was also asked to write a piece for NextShark, the #1 site for young Asian Americans. It’s a group near and dear to me for obvious reasons. I wrote a piece that has been shared more than 22,000 times in the week since it was published. 
 
I hope you're as excited as I am by the progress we're making. If you want to support the campaign, remember that you can always make a donation, share our campaign video, and tell everyone you know about the policies you care about most. Let's build the future we want to see! 
Yours gratefully,
=>
























Yang 2020 logo
Thank you for helping to make Universal Basic Income a reality.
Yang2020.com | Twitter | Facebook | Instagram
Paid for by Friends of Andrew Yang.
All rights reserved.
New York, NY
#humanityfirst 

No comments: